Determining the structural basis for specificity of ligands using crystallographic screening.
ABSTRACT Crystallographic screening has been used to identify new inhibitors for potential target for drug development. Here, we describe the application of the crystallographic screening to assess the structural basis of specificity of ligands against a protein target. The method is efficient and results in detailed crystallographic information. The utility of the method is demonstrated in the study of the structural basis for specificity of ligands for human purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP). Purine nucleoside phosphorylase catalyzes the phosphorolysis of the N-ribosidic bonds of purine nucleosides and deoxynucleosides. This enzyme is a target for inhibitor development aiming at T-cell immune response modulation and has been submitted to extensive structure- based drug design. This methodology may help in the future development of a new generation of PNP inhibitors.
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ABSTRACT: Molecular docking is a simulation process where the binding of a small molecule is identified in the structure of a protein target. There are several different computational approaches to solve this problem. Here it will be described recent developments in application of evolutionary algorithms to molecular docking simulations. Evolutionary algorithms are classified as a group of computational techniques based on the concepts of Darwin's theory of evolution that are designed to the best possible find solution to optimisation problems. A successfully implementation of this algorithm can be found in the program MolDock. The main features of MolDock are reviewed here we also describe application of MolDock to purine nucleoside phosphorylase, shikimate kinase and cyclin-dependent kinase 2.Current drug targets 03/2010; 11(3):327-34. · 3.93 Impact Factor