Talking Wellness: A Description of a Community-Academic Partnered Project to Engage an African-American Community around Depression through the Use of Poetry, Film and Photography

Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, UCLA Health Services Research Center, CA 90024-6505, USA.
Ethnicity & disease (Impact Factor: 1). 02/2006; 16(1 Suppl 1):S67-78.
Source: PubMed


The design, implementation, and preliminary evaluation of an enhanced community-engagement program that uses poetry, film, and photography at a film festival in south Los Angeles is described. This project is one of several Talking Wellness projects designed to develop social capital and enhance community engagement in projects designed to improve the community's capacity to communicate effectively about depression, to decrease the associated stigma, and to participate in the design and evaluation of research interventions. The high degree of collaboration in the development and evaluation of this community participatory research model is illustrated by describing the selection and design of the intervention and the development of the survey questionnaires used for data collection. The project is described from the perspective of community members involved in the process.

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Available from: Barry E. Collins, Dec 19, 2013
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    • "The arts, in particular film festivals combining the presentation of films with interactive events engaging the wider community, have been proposed as an effective strategy to reduce stigma (Quinn et al., 2011). In particular, the arts can change negative attitudes through constructing shared meanings, engaging audiences at an emotional level and diminish perceptions of " otherness " through personal identification with characters or artists (Chung et al., 2006; Quinn et al., 2011; Evans-Lacko et al., 2013). In doing so, participation in a film festival simultaneously acts at two mechanisms of the stigma process (Link and Phelan, 2001); emotional reactions and the separation of " us " from " them " . "
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    ABSTRACT: The study aims at evaluating the impact of the Germany-wide film festival "AUSNAHME|ZUSTAND" on social distance and help-seeking attitudes of the adolescent audience. The festival, on the subject of mental health, was staged for the second time, aiming to give a podium to the topic mental health and to inform and entertain an adolescent audience that has not been in close contact with the subject before. A pre-post test was carried out to look for the effect of feature films and documentaries on social distance of the audience towards people with mental illness and on the change in help-seeking attitudes. A total of 532 young people with a mean age of 15.6 were questioned during the film festival in Leipzig. As the results show, the effect on the viewers׳ social distance and their help-seeking attitudes strongly depend on the content of the feature films and documentaries. Two films improved attitudes - one both social distance and help-seeking, one only help-seeking. One film increased social distance, and two films did not affect either outcome. Age, gender, and knowing someone with mental health problems also turned out to be decisive factors influencing the development of social distance and help-seeking attitudes. Feature films or documentaries about mental illness can reduce social distance or influence help-seeking attitudes, but effects strongly depend on the particular film. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Psychiatry Research 09/2014; 220(3):1043-1050. DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2014.09.006 · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    • "The potential of arts and the media has been recognised by mental health activists and used to powerful effect in community engagement (Chung et al 2006) and other arenas for activism 2 . Corrigan and colleagues (2001) propose a model of social relations whereby stigma and social distance are closely linked to familiarity with mental health problems. "

    Qualitative research in arts and mental health: contexts, meaningsand evidence., Edited by T Stickley, 01/2012: chapter 7; PCCS Books, Ross-on-Wye., ISBN: 978 1 906254 39 1
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    • "Community-based participatory research approaches in mental health are associated with methodological challenges such as lack of mental health researcher experts in communities, and research participants or community advisory board members relocating outside the community, (Chung et al. 2006; Mulvaney-Day et al. 2006) and will require researchers to acquire a new ―lens‖ to look at the problem from a different perspective. Flexibility, creativity, and open-mindedness are essential skills for conducting CBPR in the mental health arena. "
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    ABSTRACT: In this review, a synthesis of studies employing community-based participatory research (CBPR) to address mental health problems of minorities, strengths and challenges of the CBPR approach with minority populations are highlighted. Despite the fact that minority community members voiced a need for innovative approaches to address culturally unique issues, findings revealed that most researchers continued to use the traditional methods in which they were trained. Moreover, researchers continued to view mental health treatment from a health service perspective.
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