Tamm-Horsfall protein knockout mice do not develop medullary cystic kidney disease

Oklahoma City University, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
Kidney International (Impact Factor: 8.52). 06/2006; 69(10):1914-5. DOI: 10.1038/
Source: PubMed
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The nephron, the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney, is lined by different, highly differentiated polarized epithelial cells. Their concerted action modifies the composition of the glomerular ultrafiltrate through reabsorption and secretion of essential solutes to finally produce urine. The highly specialized properties of the different epithelial cell types of the nephron are remarkable and rely on the regulated delivery of specific proteins to their final subcellular localization. Hence, mutations affecting sorting of individual proteins or inactivating the epithelial trafficking machinery have severe functional consequences causing disease. The presence of mutations leading to protein trafficking defect is indeed a mechanism of pathogenesis seen in an increasing number of disorders, including about one-third of monogenic diseases affecting the kidney. In this review, we focus on representative diseases to discuss different molecular mechanisms that primarily lead to defective protein transport, such as endoplasmic reticulum retention, mistargeting, defective endocytosis or degradation, eventually resulting in epithelial cell and kidney dysfunction. For each disease, we discuss the type of reported mutations, their molecular and cellular consequences and possible strategies for therapeutic intervention. Particular emphasis is given to new and prospective therapies aimed at rescuing the trafficking defect at the basis of these conformational diseases.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 09/2014; 29(suppl 4):iv33-iv44. DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfu231 · 3.49 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Uromodulin-associated kidney disease (UAKD) is a dominant heritable renal disease in humans which is caused by mutations in the uromodulin (UMOD) gene and characterized by heterogeneous clinical appearance. To get insights into possible causes of this heterogeneity of UAKD, we describe the new mutant mouse line Umod(C93F), leading to disruption of a putative disulfide bond which is also absent in a known human UMOD mutation, and compare the phenotype of this new mouse line with the recently published mouse line Umod(A227T). In both mutant mouse lines, which were both bred on the C3H background, the Umod mutations cause a gain-of-toxic function due to a maturation defect of the mutant uromodulin leading to a dysfunction of thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TALH) cells of the kidney. Umod mutant mice exhibit increased plasma urea and cystatin levels, impaired urinary concentration ability, reduced fractional excretion of uric acid, and nephropathological alterations including uromodulin retention in TALH cells, interstitial fibrosis and inflammatory cell infiltrations, tubular atrophy, and occasional glomerulo- und tubulocystic changes, a phenotype highly similar to UAKD in humans. The maturation defect of mutant uromodulin leads to the accumulation of immature uromodulin in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and to ER hyperplasia. Further, this study was able to demonstrate for the first time in vivo that the severity of the uromodulin maturation defect as well as onset and speed of progression of renal dysfunction and morphological alterations are strongly dependent on the particular Umod mutation itself and the zygosity status.
    Human Molecular Genetics 06/2013; DOI:10.1093/hmg/ddt263 · 6.68 Impact Factor
  • Tribology and Interface Engineering Series 01/2000; 38:719-731. DOI:10.1016/S0167-8922(00)80175-3


Available from