An investigation into the structure and reactivity of calcium-zinc-silicate ionomer glasses using MAS-NMR spectroscopy.
ABSTRACT The suitability of Glass Polyalkenoate Cements (GPCs) for orthopaedic applications is retarded by the presence in the glass phase of aluminium, a neurotoxin. Unfortunately, the aluminium ion plays an integral role in the setting process of GPCs and its absence is likely to hinder cement formation. However, the authors have previously shown that aluminium-free GPCs may be formulated based on calcium zinc silicate glasses and these novel materials exhibit significant potential as hard tissue biomaterials. However there is no data available on the structure of these glasses. (29)Si MAS-NMR, differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and network crosslink density (CLD) calculations were used to characterize the structure of five calcium zinc silicate glasses and relate glass structure to reactivity. The results indicate that glasses capable of forming Zn-GPCs are predominantly Q(2)/Q(3) in structure with corresponding network crosslink densities greater than 2. The correlation of CLD and MAS-NMR results indicate the primary role of zinc in these simple glass networks is as a network modifier and not an intermediate oxide; this fact will allow for more refined glass compositions, with less reactive structures, to be formulated in the future.
- SourceAvailable from: Delia S Brauer[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Strontium-releasing injectable bone cements may have the potential to prevent implant-related infections through the bactericidal action of strontium, while enhancing bone formation in patients suffering from osteoporosis. A melt-derived bioactive glass (BG) series (SiO(2)-CaO-CaF(2)-MgO) with 0-50% of calcium substituted with strontium on a molar base were produced. By mixing glass powder, poly(acrylic acid) and water, cements were obtained which can be delivered by injection and set in situ, giving compressive strength of up to 35 MPa. Strontium release was dependent on BG composition with increasing strontium substitution resulting in higher concentrations in the medium. Bactericidal effects were tested on Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus faecalis; cell counts were reduced by up to three orders of magnitude over 6 days. Results show that bactericidal action can be increased through BG strontium substitution, allowing for the design of novel antimicrobial and bone enhancing cements for use in vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty for treating osteoporosis-related vertebral compression fractures.Journal of The Royal Society Interface 01/2013; 10(78):20120647. · 4.91 Impact Factor
Article: Ribosome recycling revisited[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Ribosome recycling involves the coordinated action of the ribosome recycling factor (RRF), elongation factor EF-G, and the initiation factor IF3 to disassemble the posttermination complex, recycling the components for the next round of translation. The crystal structure of domain I of RRF (RRF-DI) in complex with the large ribosomal subunit from the eubacteria Deinococcus radiodurans at a high resolution reveals the nature and details of the interactions between this protein factor and the rRNA/protein components of the ribosome. Universally conserved arginine residues within the RRF-DI establish important interactions with nucleotides of the 23S rRNA, thus explaining why mutations at these positions abolish factor binding. Furthermore, in conjunction with cryo-EM reconstruction, the X-ray analysis provides a structural complement to the recent biochemical data, offering additional insight into the mechanism of ribosome recycling.Molecular Biology 06/2006; 40(4):664-672. · 0.64 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The effects of strontium substitution for magnesium in a novel aluminum-free multicomponent glass composition for glass ionomer cements (GICs) were investigated. A series of glass compositions were prepared based on SiO2-P2O5-CaO-ZnO-MgO(1-X)-SrOX-CaF2 (X=0, 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75). The mechanical properties of GICs prepared were characterized by compressive strength, flexural strength, flexural modules, and microhardness. Cell proliferation was evaluated indirectly by CCK-8 assay using various dilutions of the cement and rat mesenchyme stem cells. Incorporation of strontium instead of magnesium in the glasses has a significant influence on setting time of the cements and the properties. All mechanical properties of the GICs with SrO substitution at X=0.25 were significantly increased, then gradually decreased with further increase of the amount of strontium substitution in the glass. The GIC at X=0.25, also, showed an improved cell viability at low doses of the cement extracts in comparison with other groups or control without extracts. The results of this study demonstrate that the glass compositions with strontium substitution at low levels can be successfully used to prepare aluminum-free glass ionomer cements for repair and regeneration of hard tissues.Materials Science and Engineering C 09/2014; 42C:665-671. · 2.40 Impact Factor