The effects of desferrioxamine and quercetin on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion induced renal disturbance.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of 45min of hepatic ischemia and 1h of reperfusion on renal oxidative stress parameters, on renal tissue damage, and the role of Desferrioxamin (Dfx) and Q on these parameters.
Thirty Wistar albino rats were randomized to five groups. Group I was the control group. Group II received no treatment. Groups III and IV received intramuscular injections of desferrioxamine (100mg/kg) and quercetin (50mg/kg), respectively. Group V was administered Dfx and quercetin in combination. After treatment for 3 days, groups II, III, IV, and V were exposed to total hepatic ischemia for 45min. Plasma alanine aminotransferase levels, renal malondialdehyde and reduced glutathione (GSH) activities were measured after reperfusion for 1h. Histopathological and ultrastructural analysis of renal tissues was carried out.
Plasma creatinine and BUN levels were markedly increased in the IR group and pretreated groups. Kidney MDA increased in the IR group, Q and Dfx+Q significantly decreased kidney MDA Kidney GSH levels markedly decreased in the IR group, Dfx significantly increased kidney GSH. No evidence of overt injury was observed in any renal tissue under light and electron microscopy.
Our data demonstrated that 45min of hepatic ischemia and 1h of reperfusion may alter renal functions and may cause oxidative stress on renal tissue. Q and Dfx seem to have a beneficial effect via the GSH system and modulation of MDA levels.