Feruloyl esterase: a key enzyme in biomass degradation.

Western Regional Research Center, USDA-ARS, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, CA 94710, USA.
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (Impact Factor: 1.89). 06/2006; 133(2):87-112. DOI:10.1385/ABAB:133:2:87
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Feruloyl esterase forms a part of the enzyme complex that acts collectively and synergistically to completely hydrolyze xylan to its monomers. The enzyme has found potential uses in a wide variety of applications of interest to the agrifood and pharmaceutical industries. This review describes the enzymology of feruloyl esterases involved in xylan degradation. The occurrence of feruloyl esterases in various microorganisms and their physiochemical properties are presented. The nature of the enzyme substrates and products, the role of synergistic interactions with xylanases and other accessory enzymes, as well as the sequence-structure relating to the reaction mechanism are emphasized.

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    ABSTRACT: Feruloyl esterases are key enzymes involved in the complete hydrolysis of hemicellulose. In the present study, the encoding sequence of putative feruloyl esterase A (AfFaeA) was cloned from genomic DNA from Aspergillus flavus and expressed in Pichia pastoris. The purified recombinant AfFaeA had apparent relative molecular mass of about 40,000 and had an optimum pH of 6.0, although it was stable at pH values ranging from 4.5 to 8.0. The optimum temperature for AfFaeA was 58 °C. AfFaeA had hydrolytic activity toward methyl caffeate, methyl p-coumarate, methyl ferulate and methyl sinapate. Substrate specificity profiling of AfFaeA demostrated it is a type-A feruloyl esterase. The good performance of AfFaeA to release ferulic acid from steam exploded corn stalk in concert with Geobacillus stearothermophilus xylanase mutant indicated it is a promising biocatalyst for biomass degradation.
    Protein Expression and Purification 08/2013; · 1.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The structural polysaccharides contained in plant cell walls have been pointed to as a promising renewable alternative to petroleum and natural gas. Ferulic acid is a ubiquitous component of plant polysaccharides, which is found in either monomeric or dimeric forms and is covalently linked to arabinosyl residues. Ferulic acid has several commercial applications in food and pharmaceutical industries. The study herein introduces a novel feruloyl esterase from Aspergillus clavatus (AcFAE). Along with a comprehensive functional and biophysical characterization, the low-resolution structure of this enzyme was also determined by small-angle X-ray scattering. In addition, we described the production of phenolic compounds with antioxidant capacity from wheat arabinoxylan and sugarcane bagasse using AcFAE. The ability to specifically cleave ester linkages in hemicellulose is useful in several biotechnological applications, including improved accessibility to lignocellulosic enzymes for biofuel production.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 11/2013; 97:6759. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A monomeric feruloyl esterase (FAE) with a molecular mass of 62 kDa was acquired from fresh fruiting bodies of the edible mushroom Russula virescens. The isolation procedure involved ion exchange chromatography on CM-cellulose, Q-Sepharose, and SP-Sepharose and finally fast protein liquid chromatography-gel filtration on Superdex 75. Two amino acid sequences were obtained after tryptic digestion, and they both showed some homology with the esterase of some fungi. Maximal activity was observed at pH 5.0 and at 50 °C. The enzyme displayed relatively high thermostability as evidenced by over 70 % residual activity at 70 °C and about 34 % residual activity at 80 °C. The K m and V max for this enzyme on methyl ferulate were 0.19 mM and 1.65 U/mg proteins, respectively. The purified FAE prefers methyl ferulate over methyl caffeate and is least active on methyl p-coumarate. The FAE activity was not significantly affected by the presence of cations such as Mn(2+), Ca(2+), Cd(2+), Zn(2+), Mg(2+), Cu(2+), and K(+) ions but inhibited by Al(3+), Hg(2+), Fe(2+), and Pb(2+) ions at a tested concentration of 2. 5 mM.
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Dominic W S Wong