Comparison of the effect of sodium hyaluronate (Ophthalin®) and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC-Ophtal®) on corneal endothelium, central corneal thickness, and intraocular pressure after phacoemulsification

Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Victoria Infirmary, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.
European journal of ophthalmology (Impact Factor: 1.07). 03/2006; 16(2):239-46.
Source: PubMed


To prospectively evaluate the effects of 2% hydroxypropyl-methylcellulose (HPMC-Ophtal) and sodium hyaluronate 1% (Ophthalin) on intraocular pressure, corneal thickness, and endothelial cell loss in small incision cataract surgery with implant.
A total of 110 patients undergoing routine phacoemulsification with implant received either 2% hydroxypropyl methylcellulose or sodium hyaluronate 1% as ophthalmic viscosurgical device. Pre- and postoperative slitlamp examination, intraocular pressure measurement (preoperatively and at 1-4 hours, 1 day, and 7 days postoperatively), ultrasonic pachymetry (preoperatively and at 1 week, 4-6 weeks, and 12 weeks post operatively), and corneal endothelial cell count (preoperatively and 12 weeks postoperatively) were performed. Data were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance.
All measurements were comparable between the two groups preoperatively. Intraocular pressure was significantly lower in the Ophthalin group at 1 day post operatively, while no significant difference was found between the two groups on the 1-4 hours and 7 days examination. The central corneal thickness was not significantly different between the two groups at any postoperative visit . However, the mean cell density demonstrated a significant fall of 11.76% for Ophthalin and 4.27% for HPMC-Ophtal at 12 weeks post-operatively, the difference between the two being significant (p=0.009).
2% Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, compared with sodium hyaluronate 1%, is superior in protecting the corneal endothelial cells, has the same effect on central corneal thickness, and is associated with slightly higher intraocular pressure 1 day post operatively. It compares favorably with sodium hyaluronate 1% and can be used as an effective and cheaper alternative in routine small incision cataract surgery with implant.

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