Integrative functional assays, chemical genomics and high throughput screening: harnessing signal transduction pathways to a common HTS readout.
ABSTRACT Chemical genomics is a drug discovery strategy that relies heavily on high-throughput screening (HTS) and therefore benefits from functional assay platforms that allow HTS against all relevant genomic targets. Receptor Selection and Amplification Technology (R-SAT) is a cell-based, high-throughput functional assay where the receptor stimulus is translated into a measurable cellular response through an extensive signaling cascade occurring over several days. The large biological and chronological separation of stimulus from response provides numerous opportunities for enabling assays and increasing assay sensitivity. Here we review strategies for building homogeneous assay platforms across large gene families by redirecting and/or amplifying signal transduction pathways.
Article: Functional Enhancement of AT1R Potency in the Presence of the TPαR Is Revealed by a Comprehensive 7TM Receptor Co-Expression Screen.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Functional cross-talk between seven transmembrane (7TM) receptors can dramatically alter their pharmacological properties, both in vitro and in vivo. This represents an opportunity for the development of novel therapeutics that potentially target more specific biological effects while causing fewer adverse events. Although several studies convincingly have established the existence of 7TM receptor cross-talk, little is known about the frequencey and biological significance of this phenomenon. METHODOLOGYPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To evaluate the extent of synergism in 7TM receptor signaling, we took a comprehensive approach and co-expressed 123 different 7TM receptors together with the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and analyzed how each receptor affected the angiotensin II (AngII) response. To monitor the effect we used integrative receptor activation/signaling assay called Receptor Selection and Amplification Technology (R-SAT). In this screen the thromboxane A2α receptor (TPαR) was the only receptor which significantly enhanced the AngII-mediated response. The TPαR-mediated enhancement of AngII signaling was significantly reduced when a signaling deficient receptor mutant (TPαR R130V) was co-expressed instead of the wild-type TPαR, and was completely blocked both by TPαR antagonists and COX inhibitors inhibiting formation of thromboxane A2 (TXA2). CONCLUSIONSSIGNIFICANCE: We found a functional enhancement of AT1R only when co-expressed with TPαR, but not with 122 other 7TM receptors. In addition, the TPαR must be functionally active, indicating the AT1R enhancement is mediated by a paracrine mechanism. Since we only found one receptor enhancing AT1R potency, our results suggest that functional augmentation through 7TM receptor cross-talk is a rare event that may require specific conditions to occur.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(3):e58890. · 4.09 Impact Factor