Simple and sensitive method for spectrofluorimetric determination of dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid sodium
ABSTRACT The interaction of poly(diallyldimethyl ammonium chloride) (PDDA) with dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid sodium (DBS) has been studied by fluorescence spectra. The fluorescence of DBS can be greatly enhanced by addition of PDDA, owing to the interaction between PDDA and DBS. The enhancement intensity of fluorescence was proportional to the concentration of DBS over the range 2.5x10(-7) to 9.6x10(-5)molL(-1). Its detection limit is 3.5x10(-7)molL(-1). The method has high sensitivity and selectivity and was applied to the determination of trace amounts of DBS in water samples with satisfactory result.
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ABSTRACT: Mixtures of n-alkylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride (ABDAC) were resolved into homologous components by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with a cyclodextrin-bonded silica stationary phase. With a few exceptions, results from this study are similar to those obtained from traditional reversed-phase HPLC. It was found that the presence of electrolytes in aqueous mobile phases is not a critical factor in determining the success of HPLC separation. Under normal HPLC conditions, a mobile phase consisting of either methanol—water (50:50) or acetonitrile—water (30:70) was employed for obtaining adequate resolution of the quaternary ammonium mixtures. Although the percent organic modifier—water profiles were similar to those in previous studies with these compounds, resolution (R) and selectivity (α) parameters were found to be quite susceptible to changes in the mobile phase solvent composition. The retention behavior of the cationic analytes in the homologous series is consistent with the hydrophobic-interaction concept proposed for the retention mechanism via dominant inclusion complex formation. Several electolytes were chosen for a study of the counter ion effect on the chromatographic characteristics of ABDAC components. Among the electrolytes examined, the perchlorate ion was found most likely to act as an ion-pairing counter ion for ammonium cations in the HPLC system studied. A correlation study established linear relationships between the chain length of ABDAC and the logarithmic capacity factor (k′). The analytical utility of the HPLC method was demonstrated by the analysis of various unknown mixtures.Journal of Chromatography A 07/1986; 362(1-362):33-46. DOI:10.1016/S0021-9673(01)86948-X · 4.26 Impact Factor
Journal of Chromatography A 02/1989; 487(1):221-7. DOI:10.1016/S0378-4347(00)83029-7 · 4.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A flow injection(FI) spectrophotometric method for the determination of anionic surfactants was developed on the basis of the competition for the cationic surfactant cetyl pyridine (CP+) chloride between the acidic dye methyl orange (MO) and anionic surfactants. In a pH 5.0 medium the cation of cetyl pyridine (CP+) reacts with dissociated methyl orange (MO-) to form an ion-associate complex, causing a blue shift of lambda(max) from 465 nm for MO- to 358 nm for the CP+ x MO- associate. The MO- in the ion-associate complex can be quantitatively substituted by such anionic surfactants as sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (DBS) or sodium lauryl sulfate (LS), leading to an increase in the absorbance measured at 465 nm. This increased absorbance value is proportional to the concentration of anionic surfactants. Various chemical and physical parameters for the FI spectrophotometric method were optimized, and interference-free levels were examined. At the optimized conditions, Beer's law was obeyed in the range 1.4 approximately 25 mg/L sodium DBS for an injected sample volume of 180 microL, and a detection limit of 0.22 mg/L for sodium DBS was achieved at a sampling rate of 90 h(-1). Eleven determinations of a 16 mg/L sodium DBS solution gave a RSD of 0.4%. The proposed method has successfully been applied to the determination of anionic surfactant concentration in waste water and in detergents.Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry 07/2000; 367(3):270-4. DOI:10.1007/s002160000330