Article

Sentinel lymph node positivity of patients with ductal carcinoma in situ or microinvasive breast cancer

Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 100 Blossom Street, Cox 31, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
The American Journal of Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.41). 06/2006; 191(6):761-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2006.01.019
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine the rates of sentinel lymph node (SLN) positivity in patients with a final diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or microinvasive breast cancer (MIC).
One hundred thirty patients underwent SLN mapping from 1998 to 2003 for DCIS or MIC.
One hundred nine patients with DCIS and 21 with MIC underwent SLN mapping. One patient with bilateral DCIS underwent 2 SLN procedures; therefore, the results of 131 SLN procedures are included. On hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, 4 of 110 patients (3.6%) with DCIS had positive SLNs. Four additional patients had positive SLNs by IHC staining only (3.6%). Two of 8 patients underwent completion axillary dissection, and neither had additional involved nodes on completion axillary dissection. One of the 21 patients with MIC had positive SLNs by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) (4.8%), and another had an involved SLN by IHC staining (4.8%). The patient with the positive SLN by H&E had 1 additional node on completion axillary dissection.
Rates of SLN positivity for patients with DCIS are modest, even in a high-risk population, and there is continuing uncertainty about its clinical importance.

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