Article

Incidence, prevalence and mortality of anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders. Curr Opin Psychiatry

Parnassia Psychiatric Institute, The Hague, The Netherlands.
Current Opinion in Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 3.55). 08/2006; 19(4):389-94. DOI: 10.1097/01.yco.0000228759.95237.78
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this review is to evaluate the recent literature on the incidence and prevalence of and mortality associated with eating disorders.
General-practice studies show that the overall incidence rates of anorexia nervosa remained stable during the 1990s, compared with the 1980s. Some evidence suggests that the occurrence of bulimia nervosa is decreasing. Anorexia nervosa is a common disorder among young white females, but is extremely rare among black females. Recent studies confirm previous findings of the high mortality rate within the anorexia nervosa population.
The incidence of anorexia nervosa is around eight per 100,000 persons per year. An upward trend has been observed in the incidence of anorexia nervosa in the past century till the 1970s. The most substantial increase was among females aged 15-24 years, for whom a significant increase was observed from 1935 to 1999. The average prevalence rates for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa among young females are 0.3 and 1%, respectively. Only a minority of people with eating disorders, especially with bulimia nervosa, are treated in mental healthcare.

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Available from: Hans Wijbrand Hoek, Jul 24, 2014
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    • "Eating disorders (ED) are usually considered a feminine pathology (Darcy & Lin, 2012; Striegel-Moore & Bulik, 2007), where the prevalence of male cases is considerably lower (Hoek, 2006). However, in many cases, men with ED go undetected because their problem is unknown and assessment is not always properly performed (Strother, Lemberg, Stanford, & Turberville, 2012). "
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    ABSTRACT: Eating disorders (ED) are usually considered a feminine pathology (Darcy & Lin, 2012; Striegel-Moore & Bulik, 2007), where the prevalence of male cases is considerably lower (Hoek, 2006). However, in many cases, men with ED go undetected because their problem is unknown and assessment is not always properly performed.
    International journal of emergency mental health 07/2015; 17(2):570-572. DOI:10.4172/1522-4821.1000220
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    • "However, studies registered an increasing incidence of AN among adolescents (Lucas, 1991; Hoek & van Hoeken, 2003). In Netherlands, van Son, van Hoeken, Bartelds, van Furth, & Hoek (2006) found that the incidence among 15-19-year-old females almost doubled during the '90s in comparison to the '80s, indicating a time trend of increasing incidence among this high risk group that continued to the end of the century. Epidemiological data in Romania registered before the political changes in 1990 indicated 0.01% prevalence of AN among female adolescents aged up to 16 years (Christeodorescu & Grigoroiu), which was similar to prevalence data in the Western countries by that time. "
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological data in Romania indicate an increase of eating disorders during the last two decades. Weight concerns, disordered eating and some cognitive characteristics were identified as risk factors for developing eating disorders. We investigated 196 Romanian and 110 German female students as well as a group of 31 female anorexia nervosa patients with the Eating Disorders Inventory. The findings might question the patterns of how weight concerns and ineffectiveness may predict eating disorders. Further replication and cross-cultural studies may highlight why and how for Romanian young women being thin appears to be more “normal” than being normal-weight.© 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.Peer-review under responsibility of the Scientific Committee of PSIWORLD 2014.
    Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 05/2015; 187:402-407. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.03.075
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    • "All types of EDs occur primarily among young females, with males comprising only 5– 10% of patients (Hoek, 2006). In western countries, the female-to-male comparisons for lifetime prevalence rates are 0.3 – 1.20% to 0.3% for AN, 1 – 1.5% to 0.7% for BN and 3– 3.5% to 2% for BED (Hudson, Hiripi, Pope, & Kessler, 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: This study aimed to explore relations between disordered eating pathology (DEP), exposure to media messages and sense of empowerment in female adolescents. Additionally, it aimed to investigate parental involvement as related to their daughters' sense of empowerment. Method: Participants were 248 girls aged 12-19 who completed self-report questionnaires assessing demographic data, DEP, body image, exposure to media, sense of empowerment and parental involvement type. Results: Main results showed that greater DEP and poorer body image both correlated significantly with higher media message exposure, particularly to Facebook and YouTube. Moreover, girls' lower sense of empowerment correlated with greater DEP and with lower parental involvement. Discussion: Findings highlight the harmful influence of social media on DEP, emphasising the importance of parenting style for adolescents' sense of empowerment and underscoring the need for parental involvement in prevention programmes.
    International journal of adolescence and youth 03/2015; 33:1-17. DOI:10.1080/02673843.2015.1014925
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