Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an Irish orthopaedic centre: a five-year analysis.

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Merlin Park Regional Hospital, Galway, Ireland.
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume (Impact Factor: 2.8). 07/2006; 88(6):807-11. DOI: 10.1302/0301-620X.88B6.17042
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This prospective five-year study analyses the impact of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on an Irish orthopaedic unit. We identified 318 cases of MRSA, representing 0.76% of all admissions (41,971). A total of 240 (76%) cases were colonised with MRSA, while 120 (37.7%) were infected. Patients were admitted from home (218; 68.6%), nursing homes (72; 22.6%) and other hospitals (28; 8.8%). A total of 115 cases (36.6%) were colonised or infected on admission. Many patients were both colonised and infected at some stage. The length of hospital stay was almost trebled because of the presence of MRSA infection. Encouragingly, overall infection rates have not risen significantly over the five years of the study despite increased prevalence of MRSA. However, the financial burden of MRSA is increasing, highlighting the need for progress in understanding how to control this resistant pathogen more effectively.

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