Article

Multicenter quality control of the detection of HIV-1 genome in semen before medically assisted procreation.

Laboratoire de Virologie, laboratoire de Spermiologie et CECOS Midi-Pyrénées, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France.
Journal of Medical Virology (Impact Factor: 2.37). 08/2006; 78(7):877-82. DOI: 10.1002/jmv.20636
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Couples in whom the man is HIV-1-positive may use medically assisted procreation in order to conceive a child without contaminating the female partner. But, before medically assisted procreation, the semen has to be processed to exclude HIV and tested for HIV nucleic acid before and after processing. The performance was evaluated of the technical protocols used to detect and quantify HIV-1 in 11 centers providing medically assisted procreation for couples with HIV-1 infected men by testing panels of seminal plasma and cells containing HIV-1 RNA and/or DNA. The performance of these tests varied due to the different assays used. False positive results were obtained in 14-19% of cases. The sensitivity for RNA detection in seminal plasma was 500-1,000 RNA copies/ml, over 500 RNA copies/10(6) cells in semen cells, and for DNA detection in semen cells 50-500 DNA copies/10(6) cells. The use of silica-based extraction seemed to increase the assay performance, whereas the use of internal controls to detect PCR inhibitor did not. This first quality control highlights the need for technical improvements of the assays to detect and quantify HIV in semen fractions and for regular evaluation of their performance.

1 Bookmark
 · 
133 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nuclear acid testing is more and more used for the diagnosis of infectious diseases. This paper focuses on the use of molecular tools for HIV screening. The term 'screening' will be used under the meaning of first-line HIV molecular techniques performed on a routine basis, which excludes HIV molecular tests designed to confirm or infirm a newly discovered HIV-seropositive patient or other molecular tests performed for the follow-up of HIV-infected patients. The following items are developed successively: i) presentation of the variety of molecular tools used for molecular HIV screening, ii) use of HIV molecular tools for the screening of blood products, iii) use of HIV molecular tools for the screening of organs and tissue from human origin, iv) use of HIV molecular tools in medically assisted procreation and v) use of HIV molecular tools in neonates from HIV-infected mothers.
    Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics 09/2013; 13(7):693-705. · 4.09 Impact Factor
  • Source
    BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 04/2007; 114(4). · 3.76 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It was demonstrated that combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) reduces the HIV-1 viral load (VL) in the blood and the seminal compartment. Some studies have reported that the seminal HIV-1 VL is undetectable in individuals with an undetectable blood plasma viral load (bpVL) under cART. However, some recent studies have demonstrated that seminal HIV-1 RNA may still be detected, and potentially infectious, even in the case of an undetectable bpVL. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the detection rate of a seminal VL and whether shedding could be intermittent over a very short time. From January 2006 to December 2011, 88 HIV-1 infected men, enrolled in an Assisted Reproduction program, provided 306 semen samples, corresponding to 177 frozen sperm samples (two samples delivered at a one-hour interval (n = 129) or one sample (n = 48)). All enrolled men were under cART, with an undetectable bpVL for more than 6 months. HIV-1 RNA was quantified in seminal plasma using a Roche COBAS Ampliprep COBAS TaqMan HIV-1 test. Seminal HIV-1 RNA was detected in 23 samples (7.5%) from 17 patients (19.3%). This detection rate was stable over years. With regards to the freezing of two samples delivered at a one-hour interval, the proportion of discordance between the first and second samples was 9.3% (12/129). Our results confirm the intermittent shedding of HIV-1 in semen. While this finding has been shown by studies examining longer time intervals, to our knowledge, this has never been demonstrated over such a short time interval.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(3):e88922. · 3.53 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
103 Downloads
Available from
May 29, 2014