Impact of no-to-moderate mitral regurgitation on late results after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.
ABSTRACT This study analyzes retrospectively a cohort of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction < or = 0.30) who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting to evaluate the impact of no-to-moderate mitral regurgitation (MR) on long-term results.
From January 1988 to December 2002, 6,108 patients had isolated coronary artery bypass grafting. Two hundred thirty-nine (3.9%) had ischemic cardiomyopathy; 60 patients had no, 102 had mild, and 77 had moderate MR. Using propensity score, a group of 70 patients with no or mild MR (group A) was case-matched with a group of 70 patients with moderate MR (group B) to obtain two groups with similar preoperative characteristics.
Nine patients (6.4%) died within the first 30 days; all deaths were cardiac-related. There was no difference in the early results between groups. Patients in group B showed lower freedom from death, from cardiac death, from cardiac death and ischemic events, and from death and New York Heart Association class III and IV than patients in group A. Cox analysis confirmed that moderate MR was an independent variable for worse late outcome in this subgroup of patients. Functional and echocardiographic results, after a mean of 62 +/- 28 months in 87.8% of survivors, showed a significant impairment of New York Heart Association class (from 2.2 +/- 0.5 to 2.8 +/- 0.6; p < 0.001) and MR degree (from 2.0 to 2.7 +/- 1.0; p = 0.023) in patients with preoperative moderate MR.
This study confirms that moderate ischemic MR has an important negative impact on survival and quality of life of patients with severely impaired left ventricular function, treated by coronary artery bypass grafting alone.
Article: COUNTERPOINT: Efficacy of adding mitral valve restrictive annuloplasty to coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with moderate ischemic mitral valve regurgitation.The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 09/2009; 138(2):286-8. · 3.41 Impact Factor
Article: Relationship between mitral leaflets angles, left ventricular geometry and mitral deformation indices in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation: imaging by echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is associated with a markedly worse prognosis after myocardial infarction (MI).The study aimed to evaluate the relationship between anterior and posterior mitral leaflet angle (MLA) values, left ventricle remodeling and severity of ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). Methods: Forty-two patients (age 63.5 ± 9.7 years, 36 men) with chronic IMR (regurgitant volume, RV > 20 ml; >6 months after MI) underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. Anterior and posterior MLA, determined by echocardiography, were correlated with indices of LV remodeling, mitral apparatus deformation and IMR severity by CMR. The anterior and posterior MLA was 25.41 ± 4.28 and 38.37 ± 8.89° (mean ± SD). In 5 patients (11.9%) the posterior MLA was ≥45°. There was a significant correlation between anterior MLA and RV (r = 0.74, P = 0.01). For patients with RV > 30 ml this correlation was stronger (r = 0.97, P = 0.005) and, in addition, there was a correlation between the RV and posterior MLA (r = 0.90, P = 0.037), between tenting area and posterior MLA (r = 0.90, P = 0.04), and between tenting area and anterior MLA (r = 0.82, P = 0.08). With regard to LV remodeling parameters, there was weaker but significant correlation between posterior MLA and LV end-diastolic volume index (r = 0.35, P = 0.031), LV end-systolic volume index (r = 0.37, P = 0.021), stroke volume (r = 0.35, P = 0.03), sphericity index (r = 0.33, P = 0.041). Anterior MLA correlated with wall motion score index (r = 0.41, P = 0.019). Besides, there was a correlation between posterior MLA and left atrial volume (r = 0.41, P = 0.012). Measurement of anterior and posterior MLA may play an important role in evaluating patients with IMR.The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 01/2011; 28(1):59-67. · 2.15 Impact Factor
Article: Coronary revascularization alone or with mitral valve repair: outcomes in patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We sought to evaluate retrospectively the outcomes of patients at our hospital who had moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation and who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) alone or with concomitant mitral valve repair (CABG+MVr).A total of 83 patients had a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and moderate mitral regurgitation: 28 patients underwent CABG+MVr, and 55 underwent CABG alone. Changes in mitral regurgitation, functional class, and left ventricular ejection fraction were compared in both groups.The mean follow-up was 5.1 +/- 3.6 years (range, 0.1-15.1 yr). Reduction of 2 mitral-regurgitation grades was found in 85% of CABG+MVr patients versus 14% of CABG-only patients (P < 0.0001) at 1 year, and in 56% versus 14% at 5 years, respectively (P = 0.1), as well as improvements in left ventricular ejection fraction and functional class. One- and 5-year survival rates were similar in the CABG+MVr and CABG-only groups: 96% +/- 3% versus 96% +/- 4%, and 87% +/- 5% versus 81% +/- 8%, respectively (P = NS). Propensity analysis showed similar results. Recurrent (3+ or 4+) mitral regurgitation was found in 22% and 47% at late follow-up, respectively.In patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation, either surgical approach led to an improvement in functional class. Early and intermediate-term mortality rates were low with either CABG or CABG+MVr. However, an increased rate of late recurrent mitral regurgitation in the CABG+MVr group was observed.Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital 01/2009; 36(5):416-24. · 0.65 Impact Factor