Melanoma within naevus spilus: 5 Cases
ABSTRACT Nevus spilus is defined as café-au-lait macules with dark maculopapular speckles. Histologically, it has the aspect of lentigo associated with nevocellular nevus. There are 3 types of nevus spilus: small or medium-sized (<20 cm), giant and zosteriform. Malignant transformation of nevus spilus is rare.
We analyzed the cases of 5 patients presenting melanoma within nevus spilus as well as 20 published cases. The evaluation criteria were: for nevus spilus: size, type, topography, age of onset and presence of dysplastic nevi within the nevus spilus; for melanoma: clinical aspect, histological type, thickness, level and age at diagnosis. The presence of other risk factors for melanoma was noted.
The 14 women and 11 men had a mean age of 49 years at melanoma diagnosis. Type of nevus spilus was: small or medium-sized (15 cases), zosteriform (6 cases) and giant (4 cases). Only 3 nevi spili were<4 cm in diameter. Nevus spilus was present since birth (11 cases), childhood (7 cases), after the age of 20 years (3 cases) and was unspecified in 4 cases. Three of our five patients had other risk factors for melanoma. Two patients were presenting 2 melanomas within nevus spilus. The histological type of melanoma was not specified in 8 cases but SSM was the most common type (13 cases). Median Breslow thickness was 1.25 mm (0.27 to 8 mm) for the 19 cases in which it was specified.
The following criteria appeared to be associated with risk of developing melanoma in nevus spilus patients: nevus spilus present since birth, nevus spilus over 4 cm in diameter, and giant or zosteriform nevus spilus. Development of melanoma within nevus spilus is a rare event. Consequently, guidelines for follow-up of nevus spilus cannot be defined. However, follow-up is recommended, and in particular, self-examination.
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ABSTRACT: Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant disease and is considered one of the most commonly inherited diseases in humans. Malignant melanoma has been reported in up to 5% of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1. We report a young Saudi boy with neurofibromatosis type 1 who developed fatal metastatic malignant melanoma arising from giant melanocytic nevi within speckled lentiginous nevus (SLN).International Journal of Dermatology 10/2007; 46(9):967-70. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-4632.2007.03205.x · 1.31 Impact Factor
Article: Melanoma in invisible naevus spilus[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Diagnosis of naevus lesions may be complex where they contain little or no pigmentation. Naevus spilus (or naevus on naevus) is, generally, readily identified by the difference in pigmentation between overlying and underlying naevi and healthy skin. Malignant transformation of naevus spilus is rare. We report two cases of melanoma in which surgical procedures revealed underlying melanocyte lesions, diagnosed at histology but undetectable on clinical examination. Two patients were operated for melanoma in which surgery, at a site remote from the melanoma, suggested incomplete relapse despite the fact that previous clinical examination had indicated healthy skin. A diagnosis was made of melanoma in invisible naevus spilus. Diagnosis of melanoma in invisible naevus spilus may be suspected where several naevi are found together in a specific area. The main problem is the therapeutic stance to be adopted since complete excision of the underlying naevi is difficult in practice. Wood's light examination may be helpful.Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie 02/2008; 135(1):48-52. DOI:10.1016/j.annder.2007.01.001 · 0.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Agminated Spitz nevus arising on a background of nevus spilus (NS) is a rare condition. We report here a further case in a child that is original because it is induced by chemotherapy. A 3-year-old boy presented 3 months after the onset of a chemotherapy for a vesico-prostatic rhabdomyosarcoma, multiple pigmented papulo-nodules located on the face, neck, chest wall, and the higher back. These lesions have arose on a pre-existent large congenital histologically confirmed nevus spilus extending along the face, neck, the left shoulder and the left chest wall. Histological examination of three excised nodules led to the diagnosis of Spitz nevus. Our patient may have a high risk for melanoma since he has many criteria predisposing to this risk. Some of these criteria are related to NS but we should also take into account the chemotherapy induction and the high number of Spitz nevi.Pediatric Dermatology 07/2010; 27(4):411-3. DOI:10.1111/j.1525-1470.2010.01175.x · 1.02 Impact Factor