High expression levels of survivin protein independently predict a poor outcome for patients who undergo surgery for clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
ABSTRACT In a previous study of gene array data, the authors identified survivin as a candidate marker of aggressiveness in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). What remained in question was whether survivin expression at the protein level is an independent predictor of disease progression and cancer-specific survival.
Between 1990 and 1994, 312 patients underwent nephrectomy for ccRCC at Mayo Clinic Rochester and had paraffin tissue available. The authors performed immunohistochemistry with antisurvivin antibody, quantitated the expression by using an image-analysis system, and analyzed the association of survivin expression with disease progression and cancer-specific survival.
Within the cohort, 97 patients (31.1%) had high levels of survivin expression. Patients who had high survivin expression levels were at significantly increased risk of death from RCC compared with patients who had low expression levels (risk ratio [RR], 5.3; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 3.5-7.9). The 5-year cancer-specific survival rate was 43.0% for patients with high survivin expression and 87.2% for patients with low survivin expression. In multivariate analysis, survivin expression remained associated with death from RCC even after adjusting for the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status; 2002 Tumor, Lymph Node, Metastases (TNM) stage groupings and nuclear grade (RR, 2.4; 95%CI, 1.5-3.8); and the Mayo Clinic composite TNM stage groupings, tumor size, nuclear grade, and tumor necrosis (SSIGN) score (RR, 1.8; 95%CI, 1.1-2.9). Among 273 patients who had localized ccRCC, survivin expression was associated significantly with cancer progression (RR, 3.9; 95%CI, 2.4-6.2).
Survivin expression is an independent predictor of ccRCC progression and death from RCC. Thus, survivin has the potential to offer additional prognostic information and to provide a novel target for the development of new adjuvant therapies.
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents the conclusions of a workshop entitled 'Impact of Molecular Genetics on the Classification of Renal Cell Tumours', which was held in Heidelberg in October 1996. The focus on 'renal cell tumours' excludes any discussion of Wilms' tumour and its variants, or of tumours metastatic to the kidneys. The proposed classification subdivides renal cell tumours into benign and malignant parenchymal neoplasms and, where possible, limits each subcategory to the most commonly documented genetic abnormalities. Benign tumours are subclassified into metanephric adenoma and adenofibroma, papillary renal cell adenoma, and renal oncocytoma. Malignant tumours are subclassified into common or conventional renal cell carcinoma; papillary renal cell carcinoma; chromophobe renal cell carcinoma; collecting duct carcinoma, with medullary carcinoma of the kidney; and renal cell carcinoma, unclassified. This classification is based on current genetic knowledge, correlates with recognizable histological findings, and is applicable to routine diagnostic practice.The Journal of Pathology 11/1997; 183(2):131-3. · 7.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to profile gene expression changes in colorectal tumors to identify new targets and strategies for the management of this disease. cDNA microarray analysis was used to detect differences in gene expression between normal tissue and colon tumors and polyps isolated from 20 patients. To identify genes that are important in regulating the growth properties of colorectal cancer, RNA interference (RNAi) was used to disrupt expression of several of the overexpressed genes in a colon tumor cell line, HCT116, which showed similar patterns of gene expression as many of the patient tumors. Expression changes of > or =2-fold in approximately one-third of the patients were consistently observed for 2632 of a total of 9592 genes (574 up-regulated genes and 2058 down-regulated genes). Subsequent analysis of 13 genes by quantitative real-time PCR confirmed the reliability of this analysis. RNAi-mediated disruption of the expression of one of these genes, survivin, a potent inhibitor of apoptosis, severely reduced tumor growth both in vitro and in an in vivo xenograft model. The combined use of microarray analysis and RNAi provides an excellent system to define the role of specific genes that are up-regulated in cancer lead to the increased in vitro and in vivo growth of colon tumors.Clinical Cancer Research 03/2003; 9(3):931-46. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To define guidelines for the follow-up management of nonmetastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), by assessing tumour recurrences and the clinical course in patients who had undergone radical nephrectomy. The records of 187 patients with pT1-3, N0-X, M0 RCC who underwent radical nephrectomy between 1982 and 1997 were reviewed prospectively. Clinicopathological variables were compared with the time of first recurrence, site of metastasis and reason for diagnosis. Metastases were diagnosed in 98 sites in 56 of the 187 patients (30%). The risk for developing metastases increased with stage; 80% of the patients had their metastases diagnosed within 3 years (median 14.5 months) after nephrectomy. The time to first diagnosis was longer for patients with pT1 tumours and for those with skeletal metastases. The cause-specific 5-year survival rate for pT1 tumours was 95%, for pT2 87% and for pT3 tumours 37%. All patients with diploid pT1-2 RCC survived, having a survival advantage over those with aneuploid pT1-2 tumours (P=0.018). Also, pT1-2 tumours of < 5 cm were associated with better survival rates. Among 74 patients with pT3 tumours, 45 got metastases; DNA ploidy in these tumours did not influence survival. Of 30 patients with lung metastases, 28 were diagnosed during follow-up, while 25 of 26 other metastatic sites were diagnosed because of symptoms. The risk for tumour progression depends mainly on stage; these results indicate no need for follow-up in patients with diploid pT1-2 tumours or with aneuploid pT1 tumours of < 5 cm. For patients with aneuploid pT1-2 tumours of > 5 cm and pT3 tumours, follow-up is indicated.BJU International 09/1999; 84(4):405-11. · 3.05 Impact Factor