Article

Dose effects of propranolol on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized adult rats

Université d'Orléans, Orléans, Centre, France
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (Impact Factor: 3.86). 09/2006; 318(3):1118-27. DOI: 10.1124/jpet.106.105437
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Animal studies suggest that bone remodeling is under beta-adrenergic control via the sympathetic nervous system. The purpose of this study was to examine the preventive effect of different doses of nonspecific beta-blockers (propranolol) on trabecular and cortical bone envelopes in ovariectomized rats. Six-month-old female Wistar rats were ovariectomized (OVX, n = 60) or sham-operated (n = 15). Then, OVX rats were subcutaneously injected with 0.1 (n = 15), 5 (n = 15), or 20 (n = 15) mg/kg propranolol or vehicle (n = 15) for 10 weeks. Tibial and femoral bone mineral density (BMD) were analyzed longitudinally by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. At death, the left tibial metaphysis and L(4) vertebrae were removed, and microcomputed tomography (Skyscan 1072; Skyscan, Aartselaar, Belgium) was performed for trabecular bone structure investigation. Histomorphometry analysis was performed on the right proximal tibia to assess bone cell activities. After 10 weeks, OVX rats had decreased BMD and trabecular parameters and increased bone turnover, as well as cortical porosity compared with the sham group (p < 0.001). Bone architecture alteration was preserved by 0.1 mg/kg propranolol due to higher trabecular number and thickness (+50.35 and +6.81%, respectively, than OVX; p < 0.001) and lower cortical pore number (-52.38% than OVX; p < 0.001). Animals treated by 0.1 mg/kg propranolol had a lower osteoclast surface and a higher osteoblast activity compared with OVX. Animals treated by 20 mg of propranolol did not significantly differ from OVX rats. Animals treated by 5 mg of propranolol have been partially preserved from the ovariectomy. These results showed a dose effect of beta-blockers. The lower the dose of propranolol breeding, the better the preventive effect against ovariectomy.

0 Followers
 · 
113 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Genetic knockout or pharmacological inhibition of the beta-2 adrenergic receptor (B2AR) increased bone mass, whereas stimulation decreased bone mass in rodents. In humans, observational studies support sympathetic nervous system regulation of bone metabolism, but intervention studies are lacking. We aimed to determine the effects of a selective beta-2 adrenergic agonist and non-selective antagonist on human bone metabolism. Methods: 32 healthy postmenopausal women were included in a randomized controlled trial conducted in the Academic Medical Center Amsterdam. Participants were randomized to receive treatment with 17-beta estradiol 2 mg/day; 17-beta estradiol 2 mg/day and terbutaline 5 mg/day (selective B2AR agonist); propranolol 80 mg/day (non-selective B-AR antagonist); or no treatment during 12 weeks. Main outcome measure was the change in serum concentrations of procollagen type I N propeptide (P1NP) and C-terminal crosslinking telopeptides of collagen type I (CTx) as markers of bone formation and resorption after 12 weeks compared between the treatment groups. Data were analyzed with mixed model analysis. Results: 17-beta estradiol decreased bone turnover compared to control (P1NP p < 0.001, CTx p = 0.003), but terbutaline combined with 17-beta estradiol failed to increase bone turnover compared to 17-beta estradiol alone (P1NP p = 0.135, CTx p = 0.406). Propranolol did not affect bone turnover compared to control (P1NP p = 0.709, CTx p = 0.981). Conclusion: Selective beta-2 adrenergic agonists and non-selective beta-antagonists do not affect human bone turnover although we cannot exclude small changes below the detection limit of this study.
    Bone 11/2014; 71. DOI:10.1016/j.bone.2014.10.024 · 4.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sclerostin antibody (Scl-Ab) represents a promising therapeutic approach to treat patients with osteoporosis. Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Scl-Ab, running and a combination of both on bone formation. Methods: Sixty female Wistar rats, aged 8 months were randomly assigned to five groups (subcutaneous injections performed twice a week): (1) (Sham): sedentary rats + saline, (2) (OVX): ovariectomized rats + saline, (3) (OVX + E): OVX rats + saline + treadmill training (5 times/week, 1 h/day), (4) (OVX + E + S): OVX rats + treadmill training + 5 mg/kg Scl-Ab and (5) (OVX + S): OVX rats + 5 mg/kg Scl-Ab. After 14 weeks, body composition, whole body and femoral BMDs were determined by DXA and serum was collected for analysis of osteocalcin and NTX. Bone microarchitecture was analyzed using μCT and bone strength was assessed at the femur mid-shaft in 3-point bending. Results: Running exercise decreased fat mass as well as the bone resorption marker NTX relative to the non-exercised control groups, effects that were associated with a prevention of the deleterious effects of OVX on whole body and femoral BMDs. Scl-Ab increased the bone formation marker osteocalcin, which resulted in robust increases in BMD and femoral metaphyseal bone volume to levels greater than in the Sham group. OVX + S + E group did not further impact on bone mass relative to the OVX + S group. At the cortical femur diaphysis, Scl-Ab prevented the decreases in bone strength after OVX, while exercise did not affect cortical strength. Conclusion: We suggest that while running on a treadmill can prevent some bone loss through a modest antiresorptive effect, it did not contribute to the robust bone-forming effects of Scl-Ab when combined in an estrogen ablation model.
    Bone 04/2015; 52–58. DOI:10.1016/j.bonr.2015.03.002 · 4.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: DMPC and DSPC liposomes were prepared via thin film hydration method followed by sonication. Propranolol solution was incorporated into liposomes at hydration stage. TEM images showed the sizes of DSPC and DMPC were around 88 and 137 nm, respectively. The highest encapsulation ratio of propranolol was approximately 70% using DSPC/CHO/OCT liposomes, which release the drug over 60% in 24 h and reached 100% in 48 h. Both propranolol (10-8-10-6 M) and DSCP liposomes-encapsulated propranolol showed over 1.5-fold increases in the proliferation of human osteoblastic cells hFOB1.19 while differentiation of the cells was approximately doubled by plain and liposomal propranolol, indicating that the stimulatory effects of liposomal propranolol are similar with those of propranolol on human osteoblastic hFOB1.19 cells. The phosphatidylcholine liposomes-encapsulated propranolol prepared in this study potentially possesses anabolic effects in vivo and is also a promising anti-osteoporotic agent in future.
    Bio-medical materials and engineering 01/2014; 24(5):1875-87. DOI:10.3233/BME-140997 · 0.85 Impact Factor