In-Source CID of Guanosine: Gas Phase Ion-Molecule Reactions

Department of Chemistry, Nucleoside Research and Mass Spectrometry Unit and Center for Proteomics and Mass Spectrometry, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (Impact Factor: 2.95). 09/2006; 17(8):1050-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jasms.2006.03.012
Source: PubMed


In-source collision induced dissociation was applied to access second generation ions of protonated guanosine. The in-source gas-phase behavior of [BH2]+-NH3 (m/z 135, C5H3N4O+) was investigated. Adduct formation and reactions with available solvent molecules (H2O and CH3OH) were demonstrated. Several addition/elimination sequences were observed for this particular ion and solvent molecules. Dissociation pathways for the newly formed ions were developed using a QqTOF mass spectrometer, permitting the assignment of elemental compositions of all product ions produced. Reaction schemes were suggested arising from the ring-opened intermediate of the protonated base moiety [BH2]+, obtained from fragmentation of guanosine. The mass spectral data revealed that the in-source CH3OH-reaction product underwent more complex fragmentations than the comparable ion following reaction with H2O. A rearrangement and a parallel radical dissociation pathway were discerned. Apart from the mass spectrometric evidence, the fragmentation schemes are supported by density functional theory calculations, in which the reaction of the ring-opened protonated guanine intermediate with CH3OH and a number of subsequent fragmentations were elaborated. Additionally, an in-source transition from the ring-opened intermediate of protonated guanine to the ring-opened intermediate of protonated xanthine was suggested. For comparison, a low-energy collision induced dissociation study of xanthosine was performed. Its dissociation pathways agreed with our assumption.

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