Hispanic drug abuse in an evolving cultural context: An agenda for research

School of Social Welfare, University at Albany, State University of New York, 135 Western Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, USA.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Impact Factor: 3.42). 10/2006; 84 Suppl 1:S8-16. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.05.003
Source: PubMed


Drug abuse in the U.S. Hispanic population appears to be in a dynamic state of acceleration, although there are differences in drug use patterns between U.S.-born and foreign-born Hispanics, and across Hispanic subgroups (i.e., Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, and Central or South American). An understanding of the consequences of cultural adjustments for drug use is needed to effectively anticipate the scope and dimensions of illicit drug use in the largest, rapidly growing, minority group in the U.S. This paper provides an epidemiologic overview of current Hispanic drug use, summarizes research on the relationship between culture change and drug use, organized according to individual, social (i.e., family and peer group), and community level influences on drug use, and offers a systematic agenda for future research.

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Available from: Lynn A Warner, Aug 04, 2014
    • "Studies have found a positive association between acculturation to the United States and Latino substance use (De la Rosa, 2002; Warner, Valdez, Vega, de la Rosa, Turner, & Canino, 2006). Likewise, an affiliation with deviant peers has been identified as a significant risk for substance use (Barrera Jr et al., 2002; Donovan, 2004; Padilla-Walker & Bean, 2009; Simons-Morton, Haynie, Crump, Eitel, & Saylor, 2001). "
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    ABSTRACT: Families in which one or more members are undocumented immigrants experience unique hardships. Yet, little is known about stress and substance use among adolescents growing up in these families. The present study examined associations between two sources of adolescent stress (i.e., low parental involvement due to contextual constraints and family economic insecurity) and lifetime alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use among adolescents in families with undocumented members. The sample was comprised of 102 adolescents (10–18 years old) and one of his or her parents. Participants responded a survey in English or Spanish. Adolescent lifetime use of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana was 51.0%, 32.4%, and 37.3%, respectively. Chi–Square analyses found no significant gender differences in lifetime substance use. Logistic regression models showed that adolescent stress due to hindered parental involvement increased the odds of both lifetime cigarette and marijuana use after controlling for gender, age, linguistic acculturation, familism, parental control, and negative peer affiliation. Being a girl increased the odds of lifetime alcohol use. Family economic stress was not associated with lifetime substance use. Results suggest that hindered parental involvement might be a stressor and a risk factor for cigarette and marijuana use among adolescents growing up in families with undocumented members. Because parents in these families are likely to be undocumented, policies that allow immigrants to apply for legal status could improve parents’ working conditions and facilitate parental involvement; in turn, such policies could decrease the risk for adolescent substance use among children of Latino immigrants.
    Journal of Child and Family Studies 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10826-015-0249-9 · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    • "In the United States, meeting the social service and public health needs of the approximately 11.2 million undocumented immigrants, with the largest group coming from Mexico (Pew Hispanic Center, 2011), has been challenging. While some data suggests that most immigrants are healthier when compared to U.S. born populations (Warner et al., 2006), emergent studies indicate a high risk sub-population comprised of mainly single, young, Latino transmigrant men. These men often work in the informal economy as day laborers and travel back and forth between borders in search of economic opportunities. "
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    ABSTRACT: Latino migrant day laborers are a transnational population that often travels back and forth between borders in search of economic opportunities. These Latino day laborers (LDLs) are often at risk for exploitation and workers' rights abuses. Despite LDLs' heightened social vulnerability and risks, this population often does not access formal social or public health services due to their undocumented legal status, lack of health insurance and distrust of governmental social services. In light of LDLs' lack of access to formal services, social networks may enhance and protect their well-being and health through the exchange of emotional and social support, as well as the provision of concrete and practical services. Utilizing Berkman, Glass, Brissette, and Seeman's (2000) conceptual framework on social networks and health, this ethnographic study investigates the role of social networks in facilitating the well-being of LDLs (N=150). Implications for social services for this transnational population are also discussed.
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    • "According to the U.S. Census Bureau (2010), almost a quarter of U.S. Latinos live below the federal poverty line, and 40% of the population is younger than 21 years of age, with limited formal education (Warner et al., 2006). These social factors intertwine with and influence health and well-being, warranting social workers to examine not just individuals in their environment, but also, what kind of fit one's environment has on individuals. "
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past decade, the Latino population in North Carolina has increased 111%. More than half of North Carolina Latinos are foreign-born and most face issues related to immigration, acculturation, and often, discrimination. This article provides a brief overview of the historical context in which social workers engaged with immigrant communities and argues that the profession brings strengths and unique skills to address North Carolina's Latino immigrant population, historically, and within the current context. Key social demographics of Latino populations, sociopolitical realities, and theoretical and methodological issues related to the complex needs of this diverse population group are addressed. Two examples of Latino vulnerability in North Carolina, HIV/AIDS and discriminatory local immigration enforcement practices, are discussed to further highlight the unique strengths and challenges social workers in North Carolina and the New South face when working with Latino immigrants.
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