Suppression of complement regulatory proteins (CRPs) exacerbates experimental autoimmune anterior uveitis (EAAU).
ABSTRACT This study was undertaken to explore the role of complement regulatory proteins (CRPs) in experimental autoimmune anterior uveitis (EAAU). We observed that the levels of CRPs, Crry and CD59, in the eyes of Lewis rats increased during EAAU and remained elevated when the disease resolved. The in vivo role of these CRPs in EAAU was explored using neutralizing mAbs, antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AS-ODNs), and small interfering RNAs against rat Crry and CD59. Suppression of Crry in vivo at days 9, 14, or 19 by neutralizing mAb or AS-ODNs resulted in the early onset of disease, the exacerbation of intraocular inflammation, and delayed resolution. Suppression of CD59 was only effective when the Abs and ODNs were given before the onset of disease. The most profound effect on the disease was observed when a mixture of Crry and CD59 mAbs or AS-ODNs was administered. A similar effect was observed with a combination of Crry and CD59 small interfering RNA. There was no permanent histologic damage to ocular tissue after the inflammation cleared in these animals. Increased complement activation as determined by increased deposition of C3, C3 activation fragments, and membrane attack complex was observed in the eyes of Lewis rats when the function and/or expression of Crry and CD59 was suppressed. Thus, our results suggest that various ocular tissues up-regulate the expression of Crry and CD59 to avoid self-injury during autoimmune uveitis and that these CRPs play an active role in the resolution of EAAU by down-regulating complement activation in vivo.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Puran Bora, May 14, 2014
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ABSTRACT: This study was initiated to explore the effect of recombinant rat Crry linked to the Fc portion of rat IgG2a (Crry-Ig) on the induction of experimental autoimmune anterior uveitis (EAAU) and on established disease. EAAU was induced in Lewis rats by immunization with bovine melanin-associated antigen (MAA). MAA sensitized animals received Crry-Ig, rat IgG2a (isotype control) or PBS separately before the onset of EAAU or after the onset of clinical disease. Administration of Crry-Ig suppressed the induction of EAAU while all animals injected with IgG2a or PBS developed the normal course of EAAU. Treatment with Crry-Ig resulted in the suppression of ocular complement activation as well as the functional activity of complement in the peripheral blood. At the peak of EAAU, levels of IFN-γ, IP-10, ICAM-1 and LECAM-1 were significantly reduced within the eyes of Crry-Ig treated Lewis rats. Importantly, administration of Crry-Ig even after the onset of EAAU resulted in a sharp decline in the disease activity and early resolution of EAAU. Collectively, the evidence presented here demonstrate that inhibition of complement by Crry-Ig results in low levels of inflammatory molecules-C3 activation products, MAC, cytokines, chemokines and adhesion molecules in the eye. Down-regulation of these molecules affects the infiltration and recruitment of inflammatory cells to the eye resulting in the inhibition of EAAU.Molecular Immunology 11/2010; 48(1-3):231-9. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2010.08.006 · 3.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the normal eye, the complement system is continuously activated at low levels and both membrane-bound and soluble intraocular complement regulatory proteins tightly regulate this spontaneous complement activation. This allows protection against pathogens without causing any damage to self-tissue and vision loss. The complement system and complement regulatory proteins control the intraocular inflammation in autoimmune uveitis and play an important role in the development of corneal inflammation, age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. The evidence derived from both animal models and patient studies support the concept that complement inhibition is a relevant therapeutic target in the treatment of various ocular diseases. Currently, several clinical trials using complement inhibitors are going on. It is possible that, in the near future, complement inhibitors might be used as therapeutic agents in eye clinics.Molecular Immunology 10/2007; 44(16):3901-8. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2007.06.145 · 3.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Spontaneous equine recurrent uveitis (ERU) is an incurable autoimmune disease affecting the eye. Identifying biological markers or pathways associated with this disease may allow the understanding of its pathogenesis at a molecular level. The vitreous is the body fluid closest to the disease-affected tissue and possibly also an effector of pathological processes relevant for ERU. Surgical removal of vitreous leads to cessation of relapses in spontaneous uveitis of both man and horse, therefore vitreous composites are likely to contribute to disease progression. Uveitic vitreous is likely to contain potential biomarkers in relatively undiluted quantities. With the goal to identify these markers, we systematically compared vitreous from healthy and disease-affected eyes by proteomic profiling. Nine differentially expressed proteins were identified, that are functionally related to immune response, inflammation, and maintenance of the blood-retinal barrier. One of these, pigment epithelium-derived factor, a protein involved in maintaining a proper blood-retina barrier as well as protecting from neoangiogenesis was additionally found to be down-regulated within uveitic retinal lesions whereas, conversely, vascular endothelial growth factor was found to be up-regulated at these sites. Together, these changes point to as of yet undiscovered biological pathways involved in the pathogenesis of this autoimmune disease.PROTEOMICS 05/2007; 7(9):1540-8. DOI:10.1002/pmic.200600795 · 3.97 Impact Factor