[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eukaryotic genome encodes numerous WD40 repeat proteins, which generally function as platforms of protein-protein interactions and are involved in numerous biological process, such as signal transduction, gene transcriptional regulation, protein modifications, cytoskeleton assembly, vesicular trafficking, DNA damage and repair, cell death and cell cycle progression. Among these diverse functions, genome integrity maintenance and cell cycle progression are extremely important as deregulation of them is clinically linked to uncontrolled proliferative diseases such as cancer. Thus, we mainly summarize and discuss the recent understanding of WD40 proteins and their molecular mechanisms linked to genome stability and cell cycle progression in this review, thereby demonstrating their pervasiveness and importance in cellular networks.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Proper brain development requires the orchestrated migration of neurons from their place of birth to their final positioning, where they will form appropriate connections with their target cells. These events require coordinated activity of multiple elements of the cytoskeleton, in which the MARK/Par-1 polarity kinase plays an important role. Here, the various roles and modes of regulation of MARK/Par-1 are reviewed. MARK/Par-1 participates in axon formation in primary hippocampal neurons. Balanced levels of MARK/Par-1 are required for proper radial migration, as well as for migration in the rostral migratory stream. Normal neuronal migration requires at least two of MARK/Par-1 substrates, DCX and tau. Overall, the positioning of MARK/Par-1 at the crosstalk of regulating cytoskeletal dynamics allows its participation in neuronal polarity decisions.
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 01/2014; 800:97-111. · 2.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neurons are highly specialized for the processing and transmission of electrical signals and use cytoskeleton-based motor proteins to transport different vesicles and cellular materials. Abnormalities in intracellular transport are thought to be a critical factor in the degeneration and death of neurons in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Several recent studies describe disruptive mutations in the minus-end-directed microtubule motor cytoplasmic dynein that are directly linked to human motor neuropathies, such as SMA (spinal muscular atrophy) and axonal CMT (Charcot-Marie-Tooth) disease or malformations of cortical development, including lissencephaly, pachygyria and polymicrogyria. In addition, genetic defects associated with these and other neurological disorders have been found in multifunctional adaptors that regulate dynein function, including the dynactin subunit p150Glued, BICD2 (Bicaudal D2), Lis-1 (lissencephaly 1) and NDE1 (nuclear distribution protein E). In the present paper we provide an overview of the disease-causing mutations in dynein motors and regulatory proteins that lead to a broad phenotypic spectrum extending from peripheral neuropathies to cerebral malformations.
Biochemical Society Transactions 12/2013; 41(6):1605-1612. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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