A Cross-National Study of Subjective Sexual Well-Being Among Older Women and Men: Findings From the Global Study of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors

Columbia University, New York, New York, United States
Archives of Sexual Behavior (Impact Factor: 3.53). 05/2006; 35(2):145-61. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-005-9005-3
Source: PubMed


Subjective sexual well-being refers to the cognitive and emotional evaluation of an individual's sexuality. This study examined subjective sexual well-being, explored its various aspects, examined predictors across different cultures, and investigated its possible associations with overall happiness and selected correlates, including sexual dysfunction. Data were drawn from the Global Study of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors, a survey of 27,500 men and women aged 40-80 years in 29 countries. The cross-national variation of four aspects of sexual well-being (the emotional and physical satisfaction of sexual relationships, satisfaction with sexual health or function, and the importance of sex in one's life) was explored using cluster analysis, and relationships among sexual well-being, general happiness, and various correlates were examined using ordinary least squares regression and ordered logistic regression. Results from the cluster analysis identified three clusters: a gender-equal regime and two male-centered regimes. Despite this cultural variation, the predictors of subjective sexual well-being were found to be largely consistent across world regions.

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Available from: Edward O Laumann, Sep 30, 2015
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    • "First, we wanted to compare two different ways of conceptualizing sexual desire discrepancy (actual versus perceived) and to examine how each conceptualization relates to sexual satisfaction. In our study, we focused on sexual satisfaction as the outcome of interest in light of strong, consistent evidence that supports its relevance and importance to overall well-being (e.g., Laumann et al., 2006). As well, data gathered from cross-sectional and longitudinal studies support the strong association between sexual satisfaction and relational quality and stability (see review by Rehman, Fallis, & Byers, 2013). "
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    ABSTRACT: Given that desire levels tend to fluctuate over time, discrepancies in sexual desire are an inevitable feature of sexual relationships. However, we know little about how such desire discrepancies relate to a couple's sexual satisfaction. Past studies that have examined the association between sexual desire discrepancy and sexual satisfaction in college/university samples have had inconsistent findings. Also, the results may not generalize to more established romantic relationships. The current study compared two different conceptualizations of sexual desire discrepancy; perceived sexual desire discrepancy was assessed by asking a participant to subjectively compare his/her own level of sexual desire to that of his/her partner. Actual desire discrepancy was computed by subtracting the female partner's score on a self-report measure of sexual desire from the male partner's score on the same measure. In Sample 1, we examined the relationship between actual sexual desire discrepancy and sexual satisfaction for 82 couples in committed long-term relationships. In Sample 2, we investigated the association between perceived sexual desire discrepancy and sexual satisfaction for 191 individuals in committed long-term relationships. Our results showed that higher perceived, but not actual, desire discrepancy was associated with lower sexual satisfaction. In addition, we found that perceived desire discrepancy outcomes differed when measured using different response scales. Findings highlight methodological issues to consider when measuring sexual desire discrepancy and extend the literature by showing that perceived sexual desire discrepancy is associated with sexual satisfaction for couples in committed long-term relationships. Limitations of the current study and implications for future research are discussed.
    The Canadian journal of human sexuality 08/2015; 24(2):141. DOI:10.3138/cjhs.242.A3
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    • "Moreover, it has been shown that there is a link between explicit sexual attitudes and sexual satisfaction. Indeed, people who believe that sexual activities are important in life have been found to experience greater sexual satisfaction (Haavio-Mannila & Kontula, 1997; Laumann et al., 2006; Stephenson & Meston, 2010). Implicit attitudes toward sexuality have mainly been studied in relation to the concept of sexual preference and prejudices against homosexuality (e.g., Banse, Seise, & Zerbes, 2001; Imhoff, Schmidt, Bernhardt, Dierksmeier, & Banse, 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines individual variability in sexual desire and sexual satisfaction by exploring the relation between these sexual aspects and sexual attitudes (implicit and explicit) and by taking gender into account, as this has been shown to be an influential factor. A total of 28 men and 33 women living in heterosexual relationships completed questionnaires assessing sexual desire (dyadic, solitary), sexual satisfaction, and explicit sexual attitudes. An adapted version of the Affect Misattribution Procedure was used to assess implicit sexual attitudes. Results showed higher levels of dyadic and solitary sexual desire in men than in women. No gender differences were found regarding sexual satisfaction or sexual attitudes. High dyadic sexual desire was associated with positive implicit and explicit sexual attitudes, regardless of gender. However, solitary sexual desire was significantly higher in men than women and was associated, in women only, with positive implicit sexual attitudes, suggesting that solitary sexual desire may fulfill different functions in men and women. Finally, sexual satisfaction depended on the combination of explicit and implicit sexual attitudes in both men and women. This study highlights the importance of considering both implicit and explicit sexual attitudes to better understand the mechanisms underlying individual variability in sexual desire and satisfaction.
    The Journal of Sex Research 07/2015; DOI:10.1080/00224499.2014.1003361 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    • "endation was to study the association be - tween various factors and subjective well - being for individuals with and without diagnosable psychopathology . There are examples of both types of research in the area of sexual well - being . Many large - scale studies have used , population - based samples recruited through random sampling ( e . g . , Laumann et al . , 2006 ) . These samples tell us more about trends in the general population than about processes specific to sexual dysfunction . There have also been a number of smaller studies that have examined the effect of specific types of sexual dysfunction , such as sexual pain disorders , on quality of life ( Tripoli et al . , 2011 ) . However , the"
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    ABSTRACT: Leaders in the field of sexuality have called for additional research examining the link between sexual well-being and life satisfaction in women in order to expand knowledge regarding the important consequences of a satisfying sex life. Participants in the present study were sexually active women reporting a wide range of sexual difficulties who completed an in-person interview, validated self-report measures, and daily online assessments for 4 weeks. Sexual well-being was related to life satisfaction both cross-sectionally and within individuals over time. In addition, high relational satisfaction and low attachment anxiety served as protective factors, decreasing the degree to which unsatisfying sexual experiences were associated with decreases in life satisfaction. These results extend previous findings by confirming a strong association between sexual well-being and overall life satisfaction within individuals over time. The strength of this association is moderated by a number of intra- and interpersonal factors. Implications for healthcare providers are discussed.
    Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy 01/2015; DOI:10.1080/0092623X.2013.811450 · 1.27 Impact Factor
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