[Risk factors for repetition of low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, and prematurity in subsequent pregnancies: a systematic review].
ABSTRACT With the aim of collecting evidence on repetition of low birth weight, intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR), and prematurity in successive pregnancies, a systematic review was conducted on MEDLINE, LILACS, PAHO, and MedCarib from 1965 to 2004, using as descriptors: "low birth weight and recurrence, repetition or previous", "risk factors and repetition, recurrence or previous LBW", "IUGR and recurrence, repetition or previous", "risk factors and repetition, recurrence or previous IUGR", "prematurity and recurrence, repetition or previous", and "risk factors and repetition, recurrence or previous prematurity". Of 24 studies, 18 were excluded due to inconsistency between the title and the actual subject investigated (obstetric history as a risk factor rather than a selection criterion). The most important risk factors associated with repetition of low birth weight were maternal age > 30 years, smoking, short inter-gestational interval, and black skin color; those associated with IUGR were maternal age < 20 or > 35 years, low maternal education, high blood pressure, drug addiction, and non-technical/non-professional paternal occupation; and with preterm birth, premature rupture of membranes, chorioamnionitis, preeclampsia, preterm labor, and inter-gestational interval less than 12 months.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: To identify prognostic factors associated with recurrence of low birthweight (LBW) in successive gestations, a study was carried out with a subsample of mothers enrolled in the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort. METHODS: Data were collected by hospital-based interviews. Newborns were weighed and measured. Gestational age was defined according to the date of last menstrual period, ultra-sound scan before the 20th week of pregnancy or the Dubowitz method. Mothers who reported at least one LBW newborn in the two previous gestations were included. Prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated from Poisson Regression. All estimates were adjusted for parity. RESULTS: A total of 4558 births were identified in 2004, and 565 met inclusion criteria, out of which 86 (15.2%) repeated LBW in 2004. Among mothers with two LBW babies before 2004, 47.9% presented LBW recurrence. Belonging to the highest socio-economic stratum (PR 0.89; 0.01-0.46) and gaining >= 10 kg during pregnancy (PR 0.09; 0.01-0.77) were protective against LBW recurrence. Higher risk of LBW recurrence was observed among mothers with higher parity (>=3 previous deliveries; PR=1.93; 95% CI 1.23-3.02); who had given birth to a previous preterm baby (PR=4.01; 2.27-7.10); who delivered a female newborn in current gestation (PR=2.61; 1.45-4.69); and that had not received adequate antenatal care (PR=2.57; 1-37-4.81). CONCLUSION: Improved quality of antenatal care and adequate maternal weight gain during pregnancy may be feasible strategies to prevent LBW repetition in successive pregnancies.BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 01/2013; 13(1):20. · 2.52 Impact Factor