The national security implications of HIV/AIDS

Centre on Global Change and Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
PLoS Medicine (Impact Factor: 14.43). 07/2006; 3(6):e171. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030171
Source: PubMed


Feldbaum and colleagues look at evidence on the links between HIV and national security, and evaluate the risks and benefits of addressing HIV/AIDS as a national security issue.

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Available from: Kelley Lee, Dec 18, 2013
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    • "2. Applied Research: Translation of modern biomedical research into deliberately cost-effective health interventions for poorer nations, perhaps by using open access science and avoiding the pitfalls associated with the protection of intellectual property is a key step to achieving equitable global health as well as diplomatic aims [17]. There is increasing awareness that major disease burdens can contribute to the weakening of state capacity and the destabilisation of states is closely associated with the threat of weak or failed states [18]. Controversies surrounding the limitations to equitable access to the influenza vaccine during the avian influenza A (H5N1) and the pandemic influenza A (H1N1) have led to defiance of international protocols. "
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    ABSTRACT: Three years ago, the Lancet’s frontispiece stated “Health is now the most important foreign policy issue of our time” and last year, the Director-General of WHO, Margaret Chan, in her opening address, to the Executive Board at its 132nd Session said “health diplomacy works”. The nascent field of health diplomacy provides a political framework which aims to deliver the dual goals of improved health in target populations and enhanced governmental relations between collaborating countries. Any government that offered tangible health improvement as a component of aid to a nation with whom they wished to develop stronger diplomatic links would have an advantage in developing a deeper relationship with its citizens. Here we suggest several different mechanisms through which such links could be developed or enhanced, including: provision of relevant health solutions, applied research, cultural alignment and the development of collaborative networks. The Islamic tradition promotes the practice of medicine as a service to humanity. Physical and spiritual wellbeing are intimately related in popular Muslim consciousness. Thoughtful Health Diplomacy therefore has the potential to bridge the perceived divides between Western and predominantly Muslim nations.
    Globalization and Health 06/2014; 10(1):50. DOI:10.1186/1744-8603-10-50 · 2.25 Impact Factor
    • "In June 2011, the UN Security Council renewed its commitment to address the impact of HIV/AIDS, on peace and security, by unanimously adopting UNSCR 1983 that calls for increased efforts by UN member states to address HIV/AIDS in peacekeeping missions. It also calls for HIV/AIDS prevention efforts among uniformed services to be aligned with efforts to end sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict settings (Feldbaum et al. 2006; Rushton 2010). "

    Handbook on Governance and Security, 1 edited by James Sperling, 01/2014: chapter 27: pages 504-519; Edward Elgar., ISBN: 978 1 78195 316 7
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    • "Regarding the presumed SVAW-HIV/AIDS interlinkages, several recent studies have raised doubts about the association between increased sexual violence during and immediately after conflict and the higher prevalence of HIV (Barnett and Prins, 2005; Garrett, 2005; Becker et al., 2008; Whiteside et al., 2006; Spiegel et al., 2007; McInnes, 2009; and Nanjakululu, 2008) highlighted in several studies, especially prior to 2005 (Docking, 2001; Amowitz et al., 2002; Elbe, 2002, 2003; Feldbaum et al., 2006). Insights from the latter studies implied (as shown in Table 1) that the presence of peacekeepers fuelled sex trade-related HIV transmission and the return of ex-combatants, refugees and IDPs to their home communities heightened the general risk of HIV transmission. "

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