Collaborations between criminal justice and mental health systems for prisoner reentry
ABSTRACT This study assessed reentry programs throughout the nation for people with mental illness who were leaving prisons or jails and developed a classification of service strategies based on practices that are emerging in the field in response to this need.
A national survey identified service strategies that assist people who are incarcerated in prisons or jail and have a mental illness reenter the community. Data were used to develop a typology of reentry service strategies.
Fifty-eight reentry programs were identified. Program descriptions were developed for 50. Findings supported the use of a 2x2 typology of initiatives, with one factor being whether the criminal justice or mental health system initiated the program and the other being the degree of collaboration between the two systems.
If the funding trend indicated by this survey continues, the criminal justice system will become a primary funder of treatment services for offenders with mental illness who are returning to the community. No one knows how this shift in funding will affect the provision of mental health services.
SourceAvailable from: Matthew W Epperson[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to cast a vision for the next generation of behavioral health and criminal justice interventions for persons with serious mental illnesses in the criminal justice system. The limitations of first generation interventions, including their primary focus on mental health treatment connection, are discussed. A person–place framework for understanding the complex factors that contribute to criminal justice involvement for this population is presented. We discuss practice and research recommendations for building more effective interventions to address both criminal justice and mental health outcomes.International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 09/2014; 37(5):427-438. DOI:10.1016/j.ijlp.2014.02.015 · 1.19 Impact Factor
Technical Report: Risk Context Scale (RCS) user guide[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The RCS was designed to be used in both applied and research settings. More specifically, applications involve: • An adjunct to conducting transition assessments (potential release from hospital, prison, jail; changes in supervision orders) ➢ Current context of supervised client ➢ Context for which a client is being considered • Bail assessments • Supervision assessments • An adjunct to the explanation of crime • Changeable areas that impact the likelihood of a positive/negative outcome • Standardized measure of supervision efforts Some important features of the RCS include the following: • Anchored ratings for ease of completion • Forensic and non-forensic applications
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ABSTRACT: Individuals reentering the community following incarceration are at high risk for experiencing mental health and substance use problems. This longitudinal study explores patterns and barriers for engaging treatment services during early reentry. Seventy-five men and 62 women in jail, prison, or community based correctional facilities (CBCFs) participated in pre- and post-release interviews. Findings indicate that services were engaged at a lower-than-needed rate and barriers were greater for individuals leaving jails compared to prison or CBCF. Exploratory factor analysis of the barriers instrument is presented. Implications for extending service access to this population are discussed, as are future directions for research.Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10488-015-0632-2 · 3.44 Impact Factor