Distinct orientation of the alloreactive monoclonal CD8 T cell activation program by three different peptide/MHC complexes.

Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy, CNRS-INSERM-Universite de la Méditerranée, Campus de Luminy, Marseille, France.
European Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 4.52). 08/2006; 36(7):1856-66. DOI: 10.1002/eji.200635895
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have characterized three different programs of activation for alloreactive CD8 T cells expressing the BM3.3 TCR, their elicitation depending on the characteristics of the stimulating peptide/MHC complex. The high-affinity interaction between the TCR and the K(b)-associated endogenous peptide pBM1 (INFDFNTI) induced a complete differentiation program into effector cells correlated with sustained ERK activation. The K(bm8) variant elicited a partial activation program with delayed T cell proliferation, poor CTL activity and undetectable ERK phosphorylation; this resulted from a low-avidity interaction of TCR BM3.3 with a newly identified endogenous peptide, pBM8 (SQYYYNSL). Interestingly, mismatched pBM1/K(bm8) complexes induced a split response in BM3.3 T cells, with total reconstitution of T cell proliferation but defective generation of CTL activity that was correlated with strong but shortened ERK phosphorylation. Crystal structures highlight the molecular basis for the higher stability of pBM8/K(bm8) compared to pBM1/K(bm8) complexes that exist in two conformers. This study illustrates the importance of the stability of both peptide/MHC and peptide/MHC-TCR interactions for induction of sustained signaling required to induce optimal CTL effector functions. Subtle allelic structural variations, amplified by peptide selection, may thus orient distinct outcomes of alloreactive TCR-based therapies.

Download full-text


Available from: Nathalie Auphan-Anezin, Aug 20, 2015
  • Source
    • "identification of the endogenous peptide (pBM8: SQYYYNSL) recognized by the BM3.3 TCR in the context of H-2K bm8 showed that its anchor residues differed from the ones found in pBM1 and VSV8 sequences (Auphan-Anezin et al, 2006). Moreover, further comparison of the pBM8 sequence with that of pBM1 (INFDFNTI) and VSV8 (RGYVYQGL) revealed a single homologous TCR-exposed residue at P6. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Binding degeneracy is thought to constitute a fundamental property of the T-cell antigen receptor (TCR), yet its structural basis is poorly understood. We determined the crystal structure of a complex involving the BM3.3 TCR and a peptide (pBM8) bound to the H-2K(bm8) major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule, and compared it with the structures of the BM3.3 TCR bound to H-2K(b) molecules loaded with two peptides that had a minimal level of primary sequence identity with pBM8. Our findings provide a refined structural view of the basis of BM3.3 TCR cross-reactivity and a structural explanation for the long-standing paradox that a TCR antigen-binding site can be both specific and degenerate. We also measured the thermodynamic features and biological penalties that incurred during cross-recognition. Our data illustrate the difficulty for a given TCR in adapting to distinct peptide-MHC surfaces while still maintaining affinities that result in functional in vivo responses. Therefore, when induction of protective effector T cells is used as the ultimate criteria for adaptive immunity, TCRs are probably much less degenerate than initially assumed.
    The EMBO Journal 05/2007; 26(7):1972-83. DOI:10.1038/sj.emboj.7601605 · 10.75 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The strength and duration of signaling through surface receptors is a primary means of controlling cell fate decisions. In adaptive immunity, Ag-initiated T cell stimulation is secondarily regulated by cytokines. We here summarize evidence for temporal control of a gene expression program in naive CD8 T cells. It is initiated in response to TCR engagement but relies on secondary signaling from cytokine receptors to be sustained and to allow development of full effector capacity. This mechanism permits cytokine receptor signaling to rescue abortive TCR signaling, such as that induced in response to weak or partial TCR agonists. Indeed, limiting TCR-initiated signaling on the Ras/ERK pathway may be complemented by STAT activation. Thus, TCR- and cytokine-driven activation of transcription factors and epigenetic modifications may act in concert in a temporally staggered process to establish the functional program of effector CD8 T cells. Based on gene expression profiling, molecular targets whose activation or inactivation may boost or dampen CD8 T cell effectors are also identified. Manipulation of these targets may, respectively, increase anti-tumor responses or prevent graft-versus-host reactions.
    European Journal of Immunology 12/2006; 36(12):3090-100. DOI:10.1002/eji.200636347 · 4.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A necessary feature of the immune system, TCR (T-cell receptor) cross-reactivity has been implicated in numerous autoimmune pathologies and is an underlying cause of transplant rejection. Early studies of the interactions of alphabeta TCRs (T-cell receptors) with their peptide-MHC ligands suggested that conformational plasticity in the TCR CDR (complementarity determining region) loops is a dominant contributor to T-cell cross-reactivity. Since these initial studies, the database of TCRs whose structures have been solved both bound and free is now large enough to permit general conclusions to be drawn about the extent of TCR plasticity and the types and locations of motion that occur. In the present paper, we review the conformational differences between free and bound TCRs, quantifying the structural changes that occur and discussing their possible roles in specificity and cross-reactivity. We show that, rather than undergoing major structural alterations or 'folding' upon binding, the majority of TCR CDR loops shift by relatively small amounts. The structural changes that do occur are dominated by hinge-bending motions, with loop remodelling usually occurring near loop apexes. As predicted from previous studies, the largest changes are in the hypervariable CDR3alpha and CDR3beta loops, although in some cases the germline-encoded CDR1alpha and CDR2alpha loops shift in magnitudes that approximate those of the CDR3 loops. Intriguingly, the smallest shifts are in the germline-encoded loops of the beta-chain, consistent with recent suggestions that the TCR beta domain may drive ligand recognition.
    Biochemical Journal 11/2008; 415(2):183-96. DOI:10.1042/BJ20080850 · 4.78 Impact Factor
Show more