hKv1.5 channels play a pivotal role in the functions of human alveolar macrophages.
ABSTRACT We examined the pharmacological properties, the molecular identity, and the functional roles of hKv1.5 channel in human alveolar macrophage. Some of outward K(+) current was inhibited by 4-aminopyridine and antisense oligodeoxynucleotides against hKv1.5 mRNA. Consistently, the protein and mRNA expressions of hKv1.5 channel were detected. Furthermore, the phagocytosis and migration of human alveolar macrophages were significantly suppressed when the protein expression of hKv1.5 channel was lowered by the antisense hKv1.5 oligodeoxynucleotides. These results suggest that hKv1.5 channel is expressed in human alveolar macrophages and it plays a role in phagocytosis and migration of the human alveolar macrophage.
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ABSTRACT: Human alveolar macrophages were obtained from macroscopically normal lung tissue obtained at surgical resections, isolated by adherence, and identified by morphology. Whole cell recordings were made from cells 1-3 h in culture, using electrodes containing potassium chloride. From a holding potential of -100 mV, depolarizing pulses to -40 mV or greater activated an outward current. Tail current reversals showed that this current was potassium selective. Margatoxin completely blocked the current; the concentration giving half-maximal block was 160 pM. In current clamp recordings, the resting membrane potential was -34 mV; margatoxin depolarized cells to close to 0 mV. A pure macrophage population was isolated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, using the phagocytosis of BODIPY-labeled zymosan particles. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction showed that, of 13 voltage-gated K+ (Kv) potassium channels sought, only Kv1.3 mRNA was present. Margatoxin (1 nM) did not affect the percentage of cells showing phagocytosis sorted from the total population. Under these experimental conditions Kv1.3 sets the resting potential of the cells, but it is not required for Fc receptor-mediated phagocytosis.AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 11/2003; 285(4):L862-8. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this paper we examine the different voltage or calcium-dependent currents present in murine peritoneal macrophages, and in a macrophage-like cell line, J774. Three of these are K currents while the fourth is carried by Cl. One K current, activated by hyperpolarization, has all the characteristics of the inward rectifier found in egg or muscle cells. It appears in peritoneal macrophages only after several days in culture. A second K current, activated by depolarization, is a typical delayed rectifier. The amplitude of these currents and, as a consequence, the membrane potential of the cells, can be markedly changed by the movement of fluid around the cells. A third K current is activated by internal calcium levels in the micromolar range. It presents a low-voltage sensitivity and is blocked by 0.1-1 mM quinine. The Cl current flows through large-size channels (180-390 pS) that are active mainly in excised patches. These channels are unlikely to be half gap junctional channels, as suggested in former studies. The second goal of this paper is to examine if the activation of receptors for the Fc fragment of IgGs (Fc receptors) is associated with a change in the electrical properties of the membrane of macrophages. We have observed that the binding of multivalent ligands (the monoclonal antibody 2.4G2, aggregated IgGs, or sheep red blood cells coated with IgGs) to their Fc receptors on adherent macrophages did not trigger any change in resting potential. This is a surprising difference with former results obtained on non-adherent J774 cells (Young, J. D.-E., J. C. Unkeless, H. R. Kaback, and Z. A. Cohn, 1983, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 80:1357-1361) and on human alveolar macrophages (Nelson, D. J., E. R. Jacobs, J. M. Tang, J. M. Zeller and R. C. Bone, 1985, J. Clin. Invest., 76:500-507).The Journal of Cell Biology 09/1987; 105(2):761-9. · 10.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Voltage-dependent K+ channels (VDPC) are expressed in most mammalian cells and involved in the proliferation and activation of lymphocytes. However, the role of VDPC in macrophage responses is not well established. This study was undertaken to characterize VDPC in macrophages and determine their physiological role during proliferation and activation. Macrophages proliferate until an endotoxic shock halts cell growth and they become activated. By inducing a schedule that is similar to the physiological pattern, we have identified the VDPC in non-transformed bone marrow-derived macrophages and studied their regulation. Patch clamp studies demonstrated that cells expressed outward delayed and inwardly rectifying K+ currents. Pharmacological data, mRNA, and protein analysis suggest that these currents were mainly mediated by Kv1.3 and Kir2.1 channels. Macrophage colony-stimulating factor-dependent proliferation induced both channels. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation differentially regulated VDPC expression. While Kv1.3 was further induced, Kir2.1 was down-regulated. TNF-alpha mimicked LPS effects, and studies with TNF-alpha receptor I/II double knockout mice demonstrated that LPS regulation mediates such expression by TNF-alpha-dependent and -independent mechanisms. This modulation was dependent on mRNA and protein synthesis. In addition, bone marrow-derived macrophages expressed Kv1.5 mRNA with no apparent regulation. VDPC activities seem to play a critical role during proliferation and activation because not only cell growth, but also inducible nitric-oxide synthase expression were inhibited by blocking their activities. Taken together, our results demonstrate that the differential regulation of VDPC is crucial in intracellular signals determining the specific macrophage response.Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/2003; 278(47):46307-20. · 4.65 Impact Factor