Assessment of coronary arterial thrombus by optical coherence tomography.
ABSTRACT We analyzed optical coherence tomographic (OCT) characteristics of different types of coronary thrombi that had been confirmed at postmortem histologic examination. We examined 108 coronary arterial segments of 40 consecutive human cadavers. OCT images of red and white thrombi were obtained and the intensity property of these thrombi was analyzed. Red and white thrombi were found in 16 (17%) and 19 (18%) of the 108 arterial segments, respectively. Red thrombi were identified as high-backscattering protrusions inside the lumen of the artery, with signal-free shadowing in the OCT image. White thrombi were identified as low-backscattering projections in the OCT image. There were no significant differences in peak intensity of OCT signal between red and white thrombi (130+/-18 vs 145+/-34, p=0.12). However, the 1/2 attenuation width of the signal intensity curve, which was defined as the distance from peak intensity to its 1/2 intensity, was significantly different between red and white thrombi (324+/-50 vs 183+/- 42 microm, p<0.0001). A cut-off value of 250 microm in the 1/2 width of signal intensity attenuation can differentiate white from red thrombi with a sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 88%. We present the first detailed description of the characteristics of different types of coronary thrombi in OCT images. Optical coherence tomography may allow us not only to estimate plaque morphology but also to distinguish red from white thrombi.
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ABSTRACT: Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a high resolution intravascular imaging technique, requires blood displacement for reliable image acquisition and the current technique uses a soft occlusion balloon plus saline injection in the coronary artery. A non-occlusive technique based on manual infusion of a viscous iso-osmolar solution has been developed and tested and validated through a 2-phase study. Methods and Results OCT assessment was performed with the M2 LightLab OCT (LightLab Imaging, Westford, MA, USA) image-wire in 3 swine by infusing 30 ml of each of 3 solutions differing in viscosity, osmolarity and electrolytic composition (A: iodixanol 320 and Lactated Ringer's; B: iodixanol 320 and 50% albumin; C: iodixanol 320). Image quality and adverse effects were evaluated. The solution with the best image quality/side-effect ratio was tested in 44 patients. The best image quality/side-effect ratio was obtained in the swine model with solution C, which enabled the study of arterial segments of 29.8±2.1 mm in length. The results were confirmed in the human study (average length of 28.3±2.5 mm and absence of major complications and/or major arrhythmias). Repeated OCT pull-back in the first 10 patients enabled comparison of 1,572 matched cross-sections with an excellent correlation for reproducibility (R=0.96; p<0.001). Conclusions The non-occlusive technique using iodixanol 320 has an excellent ratio of safety, feasibility and efficacy. (Circ J 2008; 72: 839 - 843)Circulation Journal 01/2008; 72(5):839-843. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of statin treatment on strut coverage after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. In this study, 60 patients were randomly assigned to undergo sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) or biolimus-eluting stent (BES) implantation, after which patients were randomly treated with pitavastatin 2 mg or pravastatin 20 mg for 6 months. The degree of strut coverage was assessed by 6-month follow-up optical coherence tomography, which was performed in 52 DES-implanted patients. The percentages of uncovered struts were 19.4±14.7% in pitavastatin-treated patients (n=25) and 19.1±15.2% in pravastatin-treated patients (n=27; p=0.927). A lower percentage of uncovered struts was significantly correlated with a lower follow-up low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level (r=0.486; p=0.009) and a greater decline of the LDL cholesterol level (r=-0.456; p=0.015) in SES-implanted patients, but not in BES-implanted patients. In SES-implanted patients, the percentage of uncovered struts was significantly lower among those with LDL cholesterol levels of less than 70 mg/dL after 6 months of follow-up (p=0.025), but no significant difference in this variable according to the follow-up LDL cholesterol level was noted among BES-implanted patients (p=0.971). Lower follow-up LDL cholesterol levels, especially those less than 70 mg/dL, might have a protective effect against delayed strut coverage after DES implantation. This vascular healing effect of lower LDL cholesterol levels could differ according to the DES type.Yonsei medical journal. 01/2015; 56(1):45-52.
- Circulation Journal 01/2012; 76(8):1880-1888. · 3.69 Impact Factor