Functional magnetic resonance imaging for defining the biological target volume.

Department of Radiology, Innovative Cancer Diagnostics and Therapy, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.
Cancer Imaging (Impact Factor: 1.29). 02/2006; 6:51-5. DOI: 10.1102/1470-7330.2006.0010
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Morphology as demonstrated by CT is the basis for radiotherapy planning. Intensity-modulated and adaptive radiotherapy techniques would greatly benefit from additional functional information allowing for definition of the biological target volume. MRI techniques include several which can characterize and quantify different tissue properties and their tumour-related changes. Results of perfusion MRI represent microvascular density and permeability; MR spectroscopy depicts particular metabolites; diffusion weighted imaging shows tissue at risk and tumour cellularity; while dynamic 3D acquisition (4D MRI) shows organ motion and the mobility of tumours within them.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: With the recent introduction of PET/MRI, we investigated whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can complement PET for predicting local treatment response in Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: This retrospective study included 39 patients selected from a hospital database with a histological diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma undergoing whole-body MRI (supplemented by DWI) and PET/CT before and after two cycles of vincristine, etoposide, prednisolone and doxorubicin (OEPA). The pretreatment volume, MRI apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and PET maximum standardized uptake value (SUV(max)) of the largest nodal mass were determined quantitatively for evaluation of the local response following two cycles of OEPA. Quantitative pretreatment imaging biomarkers (disease volume, ADC, SUV(max)) were compared between sites with an adequate and those with an inadequate response using Fisher's exact test and Mann Whitney statistics. Multivariate models predictive of an inadequate response based on demographic/clinical features, pretreatment disease volume and SUV(max) without (model 1) and with (model 2) the addition of ADC were derived and crossvalidated. The ROC area under curve (AUC) was calculated for both models using the full dataset (training) and the crossvalidation (test) data. RESULTS: Sites with an adequate response had a significantly lower median pretreatment ADC (1.0 × 10(-3)mm(2)s(-1)) than those with an inadequate response (1.26 × 10(-3)mm(2)s(-1); p < 0.01). There were no significant differences in patient demographic/clinical parameters, pretreatment SUV(max) or pretreatment nodal volume between sites with inadequate and adequate response. The ROC-AUCs for prediction of an inadequate response for the training and test data for model 1 were 0.90 and 0.53, and for model 2 were 0.84 and 0.71, respectively. CONCLUSION: DWI complements PET for prediction of site-specific interim response to chemotherapy.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 11/2012; · 4.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (dwMRI) is sensitive to tissue microstructure on the cellular level and may therefore help to define biological tumour subvolumes and add complementary information to morphology-based cancer treatment protocols and therapy monitoring. The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluate the potential of dwMRI as compared with morphological MRI (mMRI) for tumour volume delineation using a nude rat human tumour xenograft model. Sixteen tumour-bearing rats (10 H1299, six FaDu) were examined with mMRI (T2-weighted true fast imaging with steady precession (TrueFISP), T1-weighted fast low angle shot (FLASH), T2-weighted dual echo steady state (DESS)) and echo-planar dwMRI in a clinical scanner at 1.5 T. For each method, we compared tumour volume and intra- and inter-observer variability of tumour outer edge delineation (disregarding intra-tumoural structure) as well as tumour signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and tumour-to-muscle contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Tumours were visualised with significantly higher SNR and CNR in dwMRI. Median tumour volumes as measured by dwMRI (3.5 cm(3)) and mMRI (TrueFISP: 3.3 cm(3); FLASH: 3.3 cm(3); DESS: 3.2 cm(3)) were not significantly different and significantly correlated. Related to partial volume effects, the intra- and inter-observer variability of dwMRI (intra/inter: 12%/12%) was larger than for mMRI (TrueFISP: 4%/4%; FLASH: 5%/5%; DESS: 5%/5%). In conclusion, dwMRI allows tumour delineation with overall volume estimation comparable with mMRI approaches but slightly higher observer variability. Thus, besides tumour outline, it may potentially supplement morphology-based therapy planning and monitoring with additional biological information.
    Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology 06/2010; 54(3):194-201. · 0.98 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility, tolerability, and preliminary outcomes in patients with prostate cancer treated according to a hypofractionated dose escalation protocol to boost the dominant tumor-bearing region of the prostate. After conventional fractionated external radiotherapy to 64 to 64.4 Gy, 50 patients with nonmetastatic prostate cancer were treated with an intensity-modulated radiotherapy hypofractionated boost under stereotactic conditions to a reduced prostate volume to the dominant tumor region. A rectal balloon inflated with 60 cc of air was used for internal organ immobilization. Five, 8, and 8 patients were sequentially treated with two fractions of 5, 6, or 7 Gy, respectively (normalized total dose in 2 Gy/fraction [NTD(2 Gy)] < 100 Gy, low-dose group), whereas 29 patients received two fractions of 8 Gy each (NTD(2 Gy) > 100 Gy, high-dose group). Androgen deprivation was given to 33 patients. Acute and late toxicities were assessed according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group/European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (RTOG/EORTC) scoring system. Two patients presented with Grade 3 acute urinary toxicity. The 5-year probabilities of >or=Grade 2 late urinary and late low gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity-free survival were 82.2% +/- 7.4% and 72.2% +/- 7.6%, respectively. The incidence and severity of acute or late toxicities were not correlated with low- vs. high-dose groups, pelvic irradiation, age, or treatment with or without androgen deprivation. The 5-year biochemical disease-free survival (b-DFS) and disease-specific survival were 98% +/- 1.9% and 100%, respectively. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy hypofractionated boost dose escalation under stereotactic conditions was feasible, and showed excellent outcomes with acceptable long-term toxicity. This approach may well be considered an alternative to high-dose-rate brachytherapy.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 11/2009; 78(1):50-7. · 4.59 Impact Factor


1 Download
Available from