Factors predicting the use of technology: Findings from the Center for Research and Education on Aging and Technology Enhancement (CREATE)

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Psychology and Aging (Impact Factor: 2.73). 07/2006; 21(2):333-52. DOI: 10.1037/0882-7974.21.2.333
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The successful adoption of technology is becoming increasingly important to functional independence. The present article reports findings from the Center for Research and Education on Aging and Technology Enhancement (CREATE) on the use of technology among community-dwelling adults. The sample included 1,204 individuals ranging in age from 18-91 years. All participants completed a battery that included measures of demographic characteristics, self-rated health, experience with technology, attitudes toward computers, and component cognitive abilities. Findings indicate that the older adults were less likely than younger adults to use technology in general, computers, and the World Wide Web. The results also indicate that computer anxiety, fluid intelligence, and crystallized intelligence were important predictors of the use of technology. The relationship between age and adoption of technology was mediated by cognitive abilities, computer self-efficacy, and computer anxiety. These findings are discussed in terms of training strategies to promote technology adoption.

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Available from: Sara J Czaja, Aug 26, 2015
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    • "Cognitive ability has been shown to affect how many types of ETs people use (Czaja, et al., 2006) and how efficient this use is (Slegers, Van Boxtel & Jolles, 2009). Nonetheless, as for older adults in general (Mitzner, et al., 2010), a wide range of ETs exists in the homes and surroundings of persons with cognitive impairment due to MCI or dementia (Nygård, 2008b; Nygård, et al., 2012; Rosenberg, Kottorp, Winblad & Nygård, 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: The overall aim of this thesis was to provide new knowledge of everyday technology (ET) use and functioning over time, as perceived by persons with cognitive decline due to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). A secondary aim was to increase knowledge about their views on technology as part of and as potential support in everyday life. The first three studies build on longitudinal instrument-based data from a cohort of 37 older adults with MCI at inclusion. The fourth study included six participants from the same cohort to a qualitative interview study. In Study I special focus was placed on changes in the perceived ability to use ET and involvement in activities. Patterns of different aspects of functioning in everyday life were explored over two years using a person-oriented approach. Study II used a mixed-linear-effect model to examine ET use over two years. Five predefined assumptions were tested regarding factors potentially influencing the amount of ET used. In Study III longitudinal involvement over four years in 15 everyday activities was investigated using differential item functioning. Furthermore, associations over time of perceived ability in ET use and overall perceived activity involvement was examined. Study IV used a grounded theory approach to explore how persons with MCI relate to technology as a part of and potential support in present and future everyday life. The findings in Study I suggest an even distribution between a stable/ascending, a fluctuating, and a descending pattern of functioning the two first years after detection of MCI, with the highest conversion to dementia (58%) in the descending pattern. Perceived ability to use ET fluctuated or descended in 50% of the sample. Study II found a significant decrease in the overall amount of ET used over two years, but the number of users of specific ETs both decreased and increased. Less perceived ability in ET use, less activity involvement, declining cognitive state, and belonging to an older age group predicted use of less ET, while diagnostic state and length of education were non-significant factors. Study III showed that overall activity involvement decreased significantly over four years. Descending involvement was found in seven of fifteen activities. All leisure activities descended. The positive correlations between activity involvement and perceived ability in ET use became stronger over time. In Study IV the findings describe the participants’ different ways of relating to existing and potential future technology in everyday occupations as a continuum of downsizing, retaining, and updating. In connection with the participants’ actions and assumptions in relation to technology and doing, trade-offs between desired and adverse outcomes were made, challenging take-off runs were endured, and negotiations took place of the price worth paying. In conclusion, the findings show that although overall activity involvement as well as the amount of ET used decreased significantly over time on a group level in this sample with MCI at inclusion, variations across activities, individuals and time-points were present. This means that the need for support in ET use is individual and likely to alter over time in persons with MCI. Therefore repeated evaluations of activity involvement and ability to use ET is suggested to facilitate timely interventions during cognitive decline due to MCI, not forgetting the area of leisure. Already-incorporated ETs may serve as a platform for support in daily life for this group.
    05/2015, Degree: Doctoral degree (Ph.D), Supervisor: Louise Nygård, Anders Kottorp & Ove Almkvist
    • "). ICT use is associated with decreased feelings of depression (Cotten, Ford, Ford & Hale, 2012; 2014), loneliness (Cotten, Anderson, & McCullough, 2013; Sum, Mathews, Hughes, & Campbell, 2008), and stress (Wright, 2000), along with increased feelings of independence and personal growth (Czaja et al., 2006). Even for older adults in the higher age brackets, such as those over 80, using ICTs can help them with social stimulation and feeling connected with others (Chaumon et al., 2013; Gatto, & Tak, 2008). "
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    ABSTRACT: Using information and communication technologies (ICTs) can improve older adults’ quality of life. ICT use is associated with decreased feelings of loneliness and depression, along with increased feelings of independence and personal growth. However, limited access and low technological self-efficacy are key reasons why some groups, especially older adults, are excluded from being fully engaged in the digital world. In this study, we focus on older adults’ technological self-efficacy, which is related to their actual use of technology and the second level digital divide. Specifically, we examine: 1) how older adults decide to use a new technology, tablet computers; 2) how they conquer the barrier of technological self-efficacy through using tablets; and 3) the impacts of using this new technology in their lives. Twenty-one in-depth interviews were conducted with older adults residing in independent living communities in a medium-sized city in the Deep South region of the United States. Observational and enactive learning played important roles for older adults in using tablets. Seeing others use tablets, getting recommendations from family members, or having tablets given to them were the primary reasons they started to use tablet computers. The ease of use feature of tablets helped solve the problem of lacking technological self-efficacy. Using tablets helped increase a sense of connectedness. Tablet computers may be one way to increase digital inclusion among older adults.
    Educational Gerontology 05/2015; 41(10):150513092755009. DOI:10.1080/03601277.2015.1048165 · 0.39 Impact Factor
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    • "Older adults' adoption of new technologies has consistently lagged to that of the younger generation (Czaja et al., 2006; Zickuhr & Madden, 2012). As younger consumers become increasingly facile with multiple modes of ICT, whether it be through their pervasive adoption of mobile devices, touch tablets or social networking applications, older adults remain at the opposite end of the digital divide (Barnard, Bradley, Hodsgon, & Lloyd, 2013; Charness & Boot, 2009; Czaja et al., 2006). Pervasive idiomatic thinking portrays older adults as lacking interest, enthusiasm, familiarity and exposure to ICT. "
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    ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t This study is part of a research project that examines patterns of information communication technology (ICT) use, social participation, and health of older adults (age 65+) residing in the New England region. Specifically, we surveyed the breadth of ICT use, technology experiences, and socio-personal characteris-tics of 198 older adults and analyzed the dispositional correlates of ICT adoption. Results showed that majority of participants used ICT to maintain family and social connections and to access information on health and routine activities. Those aged 65–70 with higher education and/or living with a spouse/ partner were more likely to use ICT. Key relationships between ICT use and perspectives on technology were found. Higher ICT use was associated with self-perceived socio-personal characteristics such as being ''satisfied with activities'', ''persevering'', ''physically and emotionally independent'' and having a ''positive outlook''. Whereas, the majority of non-users reported that their activities did not change across time and that they felt ''intimidated'' and ''anxious'' with technology. The performance of ICT-based activ-ities and/or the desire to perform them were significantly associated with the perceived importance of the activities. The older population's age, education, attitudes, and personalities influence how they approach ICT. We propose a community-centered socio-ecological model to factor in these dispositional characteristics in future ICT training programs.
    Computers in Human Behavior 02/2015; 43:156-166. DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2014.10.018 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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