Article

Evidence for a dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder among help-seeking childhood sexual abuse survivors.

Bob Shappel School of Social Work, Tel-Aviv, 69978, Israel.
Journal of Trauma & Dissociation (Impact Factor: 1.72). 02/2006; 7(2):7-27. DOI: 10.1300/J229v07n02_02
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study examined evidence for a dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among women seeking psychotherapy for childhood sexual abuse (CSA). One hundred and twenty-two women seeking treatment for CSA completed a battery of questionnaires assessing PTSD, dissociative symptoms, and child maltreatment. Using signal detection analysis, we identified high and low dissociation PTSD subgroups. A constellation of three PTSD symptoms-hypervigilance, sense of foreshortened future, and sleep difficulties-discriminated between these two subgroups (OR = 8.15). Further evidence was provided by the finding of a nonlinear relationship between severity of childhood maltreatment and dissociation in the women with PTSD. These results provide support for a dissociative subtype of PTSD that may stem from more severe childhood experiences of neglect and abuse.

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