In vitro fracture behavior of maxillary premolars with metal crowns and several post-and-core systems.
ABSTRACT The in vitro fracture behavior of severely damaged premolars, restored with metal crowns with limited ferrule and several post-and-core systems, was investigated. Crowns of maxillary premolars were removed and canals were prepared with Gates Glidden drills and with Parapost drills. Groups of 11 samples were each treated with cast post-and-cores (Parapost XP, Wironium Plus) (group 1), prefabricated metal posts (Parapost XH) (group 2), prefabricated glass fiber posts (Parapost FiberWhite) (group 3), and custom-made glass fiber posts (EverStick Post) (group 4). Posts and composite cores and metal crowns in groups 2, 3, and 4 were adhesively cemented. Post-and-cores and crowns in group 1 were cemented with phosphate cement. Thermocycling was performed (6,000x, 5-55 degrees C). Two static load tests (30 degrees ) were applied. During the first load test (preloading) no failures occurred. Failure modes from the second load test were categorized into favorable and unfavorable failures. Mean failure loads among the four groups (group 1, 1,845 N; group 2, 1,718 N; group 3, 1,812 N; and group 4, 1,514 N) were not significantly different. Unfavorable failures were root fractures and favorable failures were postcrown displacements. No differences in frequencies of unfavorable/favorable failures were seen among the groups. The results suggest that different post-and-core systems have no influence on the fracture behavior of severely damaged premolars restored with metal crowns with limited ferrule.
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ABSTRACT: The restoration of endodontically treated teeth requires the fabrication of a post and core to provide retention and support for the final crowns. The objective of this study was to compare the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with glass fiber post and composite resin cores, customized zirconia posts, and cast metal post and cores. A total of 40 human extracted mandibular first premolars were used for the study. The teeth were randomly divided into 4 groups. Group A represented a control group that did not receive any posts and was filled with core material only; Group B comprised cast metal posts and cores; Group C comprised custom milled zirconia posts and cores; and Group D comprised glass fiber posts. All groups were prepared to receive all ceramic crowns. All samples were subjected to compressive testing with an Instron machine (Universal Testing Machine) and fracture loads and failure patterns were analyzed. The findings indicated a statistically significant difference between the failure loads in the groups studied. The mean load required to fracture the zirconia custom posts was higher (765.1±48.5 N) than the fiber posts and the cast posts and cores (PHydrometallurgy 01/2012; · 2.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies have not resolved the question as to which post and core combination optimizes the stress distribution within the post restoration and tooth. The purpose of this study was to determine which post and core combination provides the most favorable stress distribution upon loading. Three-dimensional models of teeth were created with the Ansys program to simulate different materials used for post and cores (Ti, NiCr, AuPd, zirconia, zirconia post/composite resin core, glass fiber post/composite resin core, and carbon fiber post/composite resin core) and metal ceramic crowns (nickel chromium alloy [Group NiCr] and gold palladium alloy [Group AuPd]). A force of 400 N was applied to the occlusal surface, and von Mises equivalent stress values were calculated. Carbon fiber post/composite resin core/metal ceramic crowns with NiCr alloy core had the highest stress values in the weakened root, tooth/post interface, and post. NiCr post/NiCr core/metal ceramic crowns with NiCr alloy core had the lowest stress values in the weakened root and post. The zirconia post and core had the lowest stress value in the tooth/post interface. A post material with a high elastic modulus led to lower stress in the weakened root (approximately 6%) and tooth/post interface (approximately 12%) and to higher stress in the post (approximately 5 times). A composite resin core led to higher stress in the weakened root (approximately 11% to 17%) and lower deformation in the tooth/post interface (approximately 17.5%) and post materials (approximately 24%). Group AuPd resulted in lower stress in the root and high stress in the post (approximately 4.5% to 7%) and affected the amount of deformation in posts with a composite resin core.The Journal of prosthetic dentistry 03/2014; · 1.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of post system and amount of remaining root tissue on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth. Seventy upper canine teeth were divided into seven groups (n=10), one control (sound teeth) and six experimental groups resulting from the interaction between the two study factors: post system (FB, fiber post; FPC, fiber post relined with resin composite; CPC, cast Ni-Cr alloy post and core) and amount of remaining root tooth tissue (2 or 1mm of thick root). All teeth were restored with metal crowns and exposed to 250,000 cycles in a controlled chewing simulator. The samples were submitted to the fracture resistance test in a universal testing machine, at an angle of 135° and speed of 0.5mm/min, until fracture occurred. Failure modes were observed, and the data of fracture resistance, in Newtons, were submitted to the analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Tukey's test (α=0.05). Roots restored with FPC had the highest fracture strength of the experimental groups, being statistically similar to the intact teeth group (P>0.05). FP and CPC did not differ statistically (P>0.05) and were statistically lower than those of FPC (P<0.05). No statistically significant difference was observed between amounts of remaining root tooth tissue to the same post systems (P>0.05). A prevalence of irreparable failures was observed in specimens restored with CPC, whereas FP and FPC posts showed more repairable failures. The post system had an influence significant on fracture resistance. However, the remaining dentine with 2- or 1-mm thickness was not an important factor for the fracture resistance.Journal of biomechanics 09/2013; · 2.66 Impact Factor