Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with celiac disease.
ABSTRACT Patients with Helicobacter pylori gastritis are more likely to have increased duodenal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL); this can be reversed by H. pylori eradication. We hypothesized that: (1) H. pylori-infected celiac disease (CD) patients could have different clinicopathological features from noninfected subjects; and (2) the histopathological responses to a gluten-free diet could be different in H. pylori-infected and noninfected patients.
Duodenal and gastric biopsies obtained from 80 adults with histologically and serologically confirmed CD before and after 12-18 months of a gluten-free diet were retrospectively evaluated. Gastritis was classified and scored according to the Updated Sydney System; duodenal biopsies were classified using both the Marsh-Oberhuber and a simplified classification proposed by our group.
At baseline, 30 patients had H. pylori infection and 50 did not; at follow-up five new infections were detected. Fifteen patients (3 H. pylori-positive and 12 negative) had lymphocytic gastritis. At baseline, a greater proportion of H. pylori-negative patients had severe villous atrophy (p < 0.01), but milder forms were more prevalent in H. pylori-positive patients (p < 0.01). After a gluten-free diet, significant improvement occurred in all duodenal features (p < 0.001), irrespective of H. pylori status; gastric variables did not change, except for lymphocytic, which resolved in 2 infected and 10 noninfected patients.
The clinical features of CD patients are unrelated to H. pylori gastritis, and a gluten-free diet is equally effective in infected as in uninfected patients. The higher prevalence of milder duodenal lesions in CD patients with H. pylori infection suggests that lymphocytosis induced by H. pylori gastric infection becomes less obvious as profound inflammatory and structural changes alter the mucosal architecture. This study also provides further support for a pathogenetic relationship between CD and lymphocytic gastritis.
SourceAvailable from: Theresa Wan Chen Yap[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated disorder induced by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible persons. The prevalence of CD in Malaysia is unknown. We aim to determine the seroprevalence of CD antibodies and also investigate the correlation between H . pylori infection and CD in the young and healthy multiracial Malaysian population. Methods Healthy young adult volunteers between the ages of 18–30 years were consecutively recruited from June 2012 to May 2014 at the University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur. Serum samples from all the participants were tested for anti-gliadin antibody immunoglobulin A/immunoglobulin G (IgA/IgG) and anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody (tTG) IgA/IgG. Samples positive for both anti-gliadin and anti-tTG were further validated for anti-human endomysial IgA antibodies (EmA). Serological diagnosis of CD was made whPLoS ONE 03/2015; 10(3):e0121908. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background: Several studies showed an involvement of the gastric mucosa in celiac disease (CD). Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is the major agent of gastric damage. The aim of this article was to present a literature review of a possible correlation between the two conditions. Methods: A literature search was conducted in Medline, Scopus and Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ) using appropriate keywords. We included only articles written in English over the period July 1996 - May 2014.Results: The search for Medline, Scopus and DOAJ provided a total of 530 citation. Twenty five studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in quantitative analysis. The prevalence of Hp infection in celiac children and adults from different geographical areas has been reported. The possible correlation between Hp infection and the increase of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) has also been reported. Conclusion: Several studies showed a wide heterogeneity. This is probably due to differences in Hp prevalence, small series of patients, lack of histological confirmation of Hp and lack of adjustment for ￼￼sociodemographic characteristics. More studies to clarify the possible correlation between these two are necessary.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background: we assessed the prevalence, the related symptoms, and the endoscopic and histologic gastric features of celiac disease (CD) in patients with Helicobacter pylori (Hp). Methods: 450 dyspeptic patients were studied. Biopsies of gastric antrum and duodenum, CD serology, and total IgA were obtained. Histological findings were scored with the Marsh-Rostami criteria. Results: 411 (91.3%) patients were Hp positive. Duodenal histology was normal in 385 (85.6%) patients, 124 (27.5%) had duodenitis and 28 (6.2%) showed duodenal abnormalities (Marsh I-IIIc). Twenty three/28 (82.1%) patients with malabsorption pattern were also Hp positive. Serological analysis: 12 of 31 (38.7%) positive patients had abnormal histology (Marsh I,-IIIc). Nine out 450 patients were IgA deficient; none of them was serologically positive for CD. Conclusion: although a high prevalence of Hp infection was found in this study, the relationship between Hp infection and CD was similar to that reported in other geographic areas.Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 12/2009; 101(12):850-854. · 1.32 Impact Factor