Measurement and stability of FTY720 in human whole blood by high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry.
ABSTRACT We report here a validated method for the quantification of a new immunosuppressant drug FTY720, using HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry. Whole blood samples (500 microl) were subjected to liquid-liquid extraction, in the presence of an internal standard (Y-32919). Mass spectrometric detection was by selected reaction monitoring with an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization source in positive ionization mode (FTY720: m/z 308.3-->255.3). The assay was linear from 0.2 to 25 microg/l (r(2)>0.997, n=5). The inter- and intra-day analytical recovery and imprecision for quality control samples (0.5, 7 and 15 microg/l) were 95.8-103.2 and <5.5%, respectively. At the lower limit of quantification (0.2 microg/l) the inter- and intra-day analytical recovery was 99.0-102.8% with imprecision of <7.6% (n=5). The assay had a mean relative recovery of 100.5+/-5.8% (n=15). Extracted samples were stable for 16 h. FTY720 quality control samples were stable at room temperature for 16 h, at 4 degrees C for at least 8 days and when taken through at least three freeze-thaw cycles. In conclusion, the method described displays analytical performance characteristics that are suitable for pharmacokinetic studies in humans.