The effect of combinations of flurbiprofen, low molecular weight heparin, and doxycycline on the inhibition of corneal neovascularization
ABSTRACT To determine the efficacy of various combinations of flurbiprofen, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), and doxycycline on the inhibition of corneal neovascularization in rats.
Chemical cauterization of the cornea in 32 eyes of 32 rats was performed using silver nitrate/potassium nitrate sticks. The animals were divided into 4 groups. Topical instillation of 0.015% flurbiprofen with 5 mg/mL LMWH (group 1); flurbiprofen with 10 mg/mL doxycycline (group 2); doxycycline with LMWH (group 3), and saline (group 4; control) was performed twice a day for 7 days. Slit-lamp photography was used to determine the percent areas of cornea covered by neovascularization and also by scar in each group. The means were compared to find any significant (P < 0.05) difference between groups. The animals were euthanized and the eyes enucleated for histological evaluation.
The mean of percent area of corneal neovascularization 5 in group 1 was 48.5 +/- 13.1; group 2, 6.6 +/- 5.5; group 3, 22.0 +/- 27.6 and group 4, 64.6 +/- 9. The means of percent area of neovascularization in groups 2 and 3 were significantly lower compared with control and group 1. There was no significant difference in the percent corneal neovascularization between groups 2 and 3 or between group 1 and the control group. Histological findings were consistent with slit-lamp evaluations.
Topical instillation of combinations of doxycycline with either flurbiprofen or LMWH can effectively inhibit corneal neovascularization made by chemical cauterization of the cornea in rats.
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ABSTRACT: Objective. To investigate the effects of topical and subconjunctival tigecycline on the prevention of corneal neovascularization. Materials and Methods. Following chemical burn, thirty-two rats were treated daily with topical instillation of 1 mg/mL tigecycline (group 1) or subconjunctival instillation of 1 mg/mL tigecycline (group 3) for 7 days. Control rats received topical (group 2) or subconjunctival (group 4) 0.9% saline. Digital photographs of the cornea were taken on the eighth day after treatment and analyzed to determine the percentage area of the cornea covered by neovascularization. Corneal sections were analyzed histopathologically. Results. The median percentages of corneal neovascularization in groups 1 and 3 were 48% (95% confidence interval (CI), 44.2-55.8%) and 33.5% (95% CI, 26.6-39.2%), respectively. The median percentages of corneal neovascularization of groups 1 and 3 were significantly lower than that of the control group (P = 0.03 and P < 0.001, resp.). Histologic examination of samples from groups 1 and 3 showed lower vascularity than that of control groups. Conclusion. Topical and subconjunctival administration of tigecycline seems to be showing promising therapeutic effects on the prevention of corneal neovascularization. Furthermore, subconjunctival administration of tigecycline is more potent than topical administration in the inhibition of corneal neovascularization.Journal of Ophthalmology 08/2014; 2014:452685. DOI:10.1155/2014/452685 · 1.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of topically administered bevacizumab (Avastin) on experimental corneal neovascularization (NV) in rats. Corneal NV was induced by chemical cauterization with silver nitrate sticks applied to the centre of the corneas of 37 Wistar rats. The rats were then randomized to four topical treatment groups: group 1 (n = 10) received 4 mg/ml bevacizumab; group 2 (n = 9) received 2 mg/ml bevacizumab; group 3 (n = 10) received 1 mg/ml bevacizumab, and group 4 (n=8) represented a control group and received saline. All drops were initiated immediately after cauterization and applied twice per day for 7 days. Corneal NV was assessed 8 days after cauterization in a masked fashion, both qualitatively by clinical evaluation and quantitatively by blood vessel count in photographs of histological sections. On clinical evaluation, groups 1 and 2 showed significantly less NV compared with the saline-treated control group (p = 0.006 and p = 0.024, respectively). Histopathological evaluation showed that only group 1 differed significantly from controls (5% significance level) and normal corneal epithelium was seen in all groups. Topically administered bevacizumab at a concentration of 4 mg/ml significantly reduces corneal NV according to both clinical and histopathological evaluations; lower concentrations were less effective on both parameters. No corneal epitheliopathy was found using these concentrations.Acta ophthalmologica 07/2009; 88(8):862-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1755-3768.2009.01571.x · 2.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The paper highlights the role and the strategic aims of R&D activities in the field of power systems. For each sector of activities, the main thematics and trends are then summarized, from generation to renewables, from transmission to end-use, dealing also with cross-cutting topics such as environmental compatibility and informatics. Finally the main opportunities for collaboration among electric companies and universities and other research institutes are presentedElectrotechnical Conference, 1996. MELECON '96., 8th Mediterranean; 06/1996