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Bone functions and the requirements for bone grafts and substitutes in the orofacial region.

Clinic for Orthodontics and Preventive and Paediatrics Dentistry, University of Greifswald Dental School, Greifswald, Germany.
Folia morphologica (Impact Factor: 0.52). 03/2006; 65(1):56-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Bone is the largest calcium storage, has distinctive plasticity and adaptability and is part of the supporting tissue. An adequate composition is thus necessary. The bone matrix consists of organic and anorganic structures. Osteoblasts, osteoclasts and osteocytes are responsible for bone formation, resorption and metabolism. The periosteum, endosteum and bone tissue are a functional unit and provide protection, nutrition and growth. Bone is subject to continuous remodelling.

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