Bone functions and the requirements for bone grafts and substitutes in the orofacial region.

Clinic for Orthodontics and Preventive and Paediatrics Dentistry, University of Greifswald Dental School, Greifswald, Germany.
Folia morphologica (Impact Factor: 0.52). 03/2006; 65(1):56-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Bone is the largest calcium storage, has distinctive plasticity and adaptability and is part of the supporting tissue. An adequate composition is thus necessary. The bone matrix consists of organic and anorganic structures. Osteoblasts, osteoclasts and osteocytes are responsible for bone formation, resorption and metabolism. The periosteum, endosteum and bone tissue are a functional unit and provide protection, nutrition and growth. Bone is subject to continuous remodelling.

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    ABSTRACT: Sufficient bone in both the vertical and horizontal dimensions is a prerequisite for successful implant therapy. Over the course of the recent development of modern dentistry, different ways and techniques to create adequate bone levels have been developed. In particular, focus is placed on bone replacement materials that promise to eliminate donor site morbidity and quantitative limitations. The following is an overview of existing bone replacement materials in which their clinical use and limits of applicability are highlighted. In addition, a clinical case is presented to emphasize the remarks of bone substitute materials.
    Implantologie. 01/2012; 20(2):207-214.


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