Microvessel density (MVD) is regarded as a surrogate marker for angiogenesis and has been used for tumor prognosis. In this study, MVD was identified immunohistochemically by monoclonal antibodies against CD105 and CD34 in the tissues representing gastric carcinoma, chronic gastritis, and hyperplastic polyps, and the results were correlated with clinicopathologic features. The expression of CD105 in the microvessels within benign lesions was barely visible, and MVD was markedly lower than that determined by CD34. CD34 was strongly expressed in the microvessels within hyperplastic polyps and tissues with gastritis. In gastric carcinoma, CD105 expression in microvessels was as high as the MVD, compared with benign lesions. CD105 stained well-formed mature and newly formed immature vessels within the cancer mass. Correlation analysis showed that MVD determined by CD105 correlated with blood vessel invasion, distant metastasis, and formation of ascites. Survival analysis demonstrated an inverse correlation between MVD count and overall survival: patients with MVD counts of 32 or higher survived for a much shorter time than those with counts lower than 32. Multivariate analysis confirmed that MVD determined by CD105 was an independent prognostic factor for survival. Microvessel density determined by CD34 inversely correlated with overall survival, but it did not correlate with other clinicopathologic parameters except formation of ascites. In conclusion, CD34 was universally expressed in blood vessels within benign and malignant tissues, whereas CD105 expression was minimal in benign tissues but stronger in gastric carcinoma. These data suggest that both CD105 and CD34 could be used for quantification of angiogenesis, but preference should be given to CD105 in the evaluation of prognosis in gastric carcinoma.
"2.3.5. Microvessel density (MVD) count MVD has been commonly used to assess angiogenesis in pathological specimens and tumor models using endothelial cell markers , including CD34 and CD105 . In this work, quantification of MVD was performed on the sections, which were immunohistochemically stained for CD34 and CD105. "
"Thereafter, sections were incubated with conjugated horseradish peroxidase streptavidin (KeyGen Biotech.) for 60 min, followed with 3,3'-diaminobenzidine (Sigma) working solution, and counterstained with hematoxylin. The proliferation index was determined as number of Ki-67-positive (brown) cells/total number of cells × 100, and intratumoral microvessel density (IMVD) was quantified by counting the CD31-positive (brown) cells in 9 most highly vascularized fields (400×) [18,19]. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Solid tumors usually develop local hypoxia, which renders them resilient to radiotherapy. MiR-210 is the most consistently and robustly induced miRNA under hypoxia and functions as a micro-controller of a wide range of cellular responses to hypoxia. Hence, it is important to investigate the effect of knockdown of miR-210 in tumorigenesis and evaluate the efficacy of knockdown of miR-210 in combination with radiotherapy on human tumor xenograft in nude mice.
Materials and methods
SMMC-7721 Cells with stable integration of the anti-sense miR-210 were generated through lentiviral-mediated gene transfer and were subcutaneously implanted into nude mice. Mice were monitored for tumor growth and survival after radiotherapy. MiR-210 expression in tumor tissues was assessed by real-time Reverse transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). Protein expression of HIF-1α and miR-210 targeted genes in human hepatoma xenograft was assessed by Western blot. Tumors were analyzed for proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis biomarkers by immunohistochemistry staining.
Tumor growth was delayed in miR-210 downregulated xenograft. Knockdown of miR-210 increased protein expression of miR-210 targeted genes, but decreased HIF-1α protein in hepatoma xenograft. Knockdown of miR-210 in combination with radiotherapy is more effective than radiotherapy alone or miR-210 knockdown therapy alone in suppressing tumor growth and extending survival duration. Combined therapy decreased Ki-67-positive cells and CD31-positive cells and increased TUNEL-positive cells in tumor xenograft.
Knockdown of miR-210 in combination with radiotherapy showed an enhanced anti-tumor effect on human hepatoma xenograft. Our experiments demonstrated specific inhibition of miR-210 expression might be a means to enhance the effectiveness of radiotherapy to human hepatoma.
"It also has been detected in non-neoplastic tissues with increased angiogenic activity, such as embryonic development and wound healing [2,4]. Greater accuracy (mainly specificity) of CD105 in demonstrating new blood vessels compared with other molecules such as CD34 and factor VIII is clear in the literature [20-22]. As expected, in the present work CD105-positive vessels were absent in normal salivary gland. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Information on the biology of metastasis development in salivary gland tumors is scarce. Since angiogenesis seems associated with this phenomenon in other tumors, we sought to compare salivary gland tumors with diverse metastatic behavior in order to improve the knowledge and management of these lesions.
Samples from the most important salivary gland tumors were segregated according to its metastatic behavior and submitted to routine immunohistochemistry to identify vessels positive for CD105 expression. Frequency of positive cases and intratumoral microvessel density (IMD) was compared among the group of lesions.
CD105 positive vessels were absent in normal salivary gland tissue, were rare in pleomorphic adenomas and adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACC), more common in polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinomas and highest in mucoepidermoid carcinomas. Only ACC with such feature were metastatic. IMD was higher in malignant rather than benign tumors.
Immunostaining of CD105 in salivary gland tumors implies participation of angiogenesis in the development of malignant lesions, as well as some role for myoepithelial cells in the control of new vessel formation. In addition, suggest that ACC with positive CD105 vessels are at higher risk for metastasis.
BMC Cancer 11/2009; 9(1):391. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-9-391 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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