Article

Cutting edge: induction of B7-H4 on APCs through IL-10: novel suppressive mode for regulatory T cells.

Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.36). 08/2006; 177(1):40-4. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.177.1.40
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Multiple modes of suppressive mechanisms including IL-10 are thought to be implicated in CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cell-mediated suppression. However, the cellular source, role, and molecular mechanism of IL-10 in Treg cell biology remain controversial. We now studied the interaction between Treg cells and APCs. We demonstrate that Treg cells, but not conventional T cells, trigger high levels of IL-10 production by APCs, stimulate APC B7-H4 expression, and render APCs immunosuppressive. Initial blockade of B7-H4 reduces the suppressive activity mediated by Treg cell-conditioned APCs. Further, APC-derived, rather than Treg cell-derived, IL-10 is responsible for APC B7-H4 induction. Therefore, Treg cells convey suppressive activity to APCs by stimulating B7-H4 expression through IL-10. Altogether, our data provide a novel cellular and molecular mechanism for Treg cell-mediated immunosuppression at the level of APCs, and suggest a plausible mechanism for the suppressive effect of IL-10 in Treg cell-mediated suppression.

0 Followers
 · 
109 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peripheral immune tolerance requires a controlled balance between the maintenance of self-tolerance and the capacity to engage protective immune responses against pathogens. Dendritic cells (DCs) serve as sentinels of the immune system by sensing environmental and inflammatory signals, and play an essential role in the maintenance of immune tolerance. To achieve this, DC play a key role in dictating the outcome of immune responses by influencing the balance between inflammatory or Foxp3(+) regulatory T (T(reg)) cell responses. At the heart of this immunological balance is a finely regulated DC and T(reg) cell crosstalk whereby T(reg) cells modulate DC phenotype and function, and DC drive the differentiation of Foxp3(+) T(reg) cells in order to control immune responses. This review will focus on recent advances, which highlight the importance of this bidirectional DC and T(reg) cell crosstalk during the induction of tolerance and organ-specific autoimmunity. More specifically, we will discuss how T(reg) cells modulate DC function for the suppression of inflammatory responses and how DC subsets employ diverse mechanisms to drive differentiation of T(reg) cells. Finally, we will discuss the therapeutic potential of tolerogenic DCs for the induction of tolerance in autoimmune diseases.
    Frontiers in Immunology 06/2012; 3:165. DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2012.00165
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Elevated levels of IL-10 in the microenvironment of human ovarian cancer and murine models of ovarian cancer are well established and correlate with poor clinical prognosis. However, amongst a myriad of immunosuppressive factors, the actual contribution of IL-10 to the ovarian tumor microenvironment, the mechanisms by which it acts, and its possible functional redundancy are unknown. We previously demonstrated that elimination of the myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) compartment within the ovarian tumor ascites inhibited tumor progression and, intriguingly, significantly decreased local IL-10 levels. Here we identify a novel pathway in which the tumor-infiltrating MDSC are the predominant producers of IL-10 and, importantly, require it to develop their immunosuppressive function in vivo. Importantly, we demonstrate that the role of IL-10 is critical, and not redundant with other immunosuppressive molecules, to in vivo tumor progression: blockade of the IL-10 signaling network results in alleviation of MDSC-mediated immunosuppression, altered T cell phenotype and activity, and improved survival. These studies define IL-10 as a fundamental modulator of both MDSC and T cells within the ovarian tumor microenvironment. Importantly, IL-10 signaling is shown to be necessary to the development and maintenance of a permissive tumor microenvironment and represents a viable target for anti-tumor strategies.
    Frontiers in Immunology 07/2011; 2:29. DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2011.00029
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Melanoma is an aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis. Eradication of tumor cells requires an effective interaction between melanoma cells and different players of the immune system. As the most potent professional antigen-presenting cells, dendritic cells (DCs) play a pivotal role in mounting a specific immune response where their intratumoral and peritumoral density as well as their functional status are correlated with clinical staging of the disease and with patients' survival. Under steady-state conditions, internalization of apoptotic cells by immature DCs designates a state of tolerance to self-antigens. Nevertheless, pathogens and necrotic cells interacting with pattern recognition receptors trigger downstream signaling pathways that evoke maturation of DCs, leading to the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. These mature DCs are essential for T-cell priming and subsequent development of a specific immune response. Altered functions of DCs have an impact on the development of various disorders including autoimmune diseases and cancers. Herein, we focus on the checkpoints created throughout DCs antigen capturing and presentation to T cells, with subsequent development of either tolerance or immune response, with an emphasis on the role played by DCs in melanoma tumorigenesis and their therapeutic potential.
    Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research 12/2008; 22(1):30-41. DOI:10.1111/j.1755-148X.2008.00532.x · 5.64 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
4 Downloads
Available from