[Study on serum organochlorines pesticides (DDTs) level, CYP1A1 genetic polymorphism and risk of breast cancer: a case control study].
ABSTRACT To study the potential effect of gene-environment interaction between CYP1A1 and serum dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (DDT) levels on the risk of breast cancer in women, in China.
A case-control study was conducted. From Dec. 2003 to Sep. 2004, 104 women with histologically confirmed breast cancers and 154 noncancerous controls from a community were enrolled in this study. Risk factors information of breast cancer was investigated by a questionnaire. Serum p, p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (p, p'-DDT) and 1, 1-dichloro-2, 2-bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p, p'-DDE) levels were tested by GC-ECD. CYP1A1 m2 gene type was tested by allele special-PCR method.
Serum DDT levels of case and control were (36.90 +/- 79.41) ng/ml and (50.60 +/- 150.70) ng/ml respectively. Serum 1, 1-dichloro-2, 2-bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p, p'-DDE) levels of case and control were (7.43 +/- 11.10) ng/ml and (8.96 +/- 11.30) ng/ml respectively. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups with geometric mean t-test (P > 0.05). Compared with women who had homozygous wild-type CYP1A1 m2 genotype, significantly increased risks of breast cancer were found for women with the CYP1A1 m2 homozygous variant genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 2.61, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.00 - 6.80]. Among premenopausal women, compared with women with homozygous wild-type of CYP1A1 genotype (Ile/Ile) and low serum DDT level (DDT serum level < or = 42.93 ng/ml), women with at least one variant allele of CYP1A1 m2 genotype and high serum DDT level (DDT serum level > or = 42.93 ng/ml) had higher risk of breast cancer (OR = 4.35, 95% CI: 1.140 - 16.950).
CYP1A1 m2 genetic polymorphism was associated with increased risk of female breast cancer while DDT exposure might have increased the risk of breast cancer among premenopausal women with CYP1A1 m2 variant genotype.
- SourceAvailable from: Theodoros N Sergentanis[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450s are enzymes which catalyze Phase-I metabolism reactions; cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) is a member of the CYP1 family and participates in the metabolism of a vast number of xenobiotics, as well as endogenous substrates. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms in CYP1A1 have been studied concerning their potential implication in terms of breast cancer risk: T3801C, T3205C, A2455G (Ile462Val), and C2453A (Thr461Asp); controversy exists regarding their role. This meta-analysis aims to examine whether the four aforementioned polymorphisms are associated with breast cancer risk. Separate analyses were performed on Caucasian, Chinese, and African populations, as well as on premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Eligible articles were identified by a search of MEDLINE bibliographical database for the period up to October 2009. Concerning T3801C, 32 studies were eligible (11,909 cases and 16,179 controls), 29 studies (12,257 cases and 20,379 controls) were eligible for A2455G, 11 studies (7,189 cases and 8,491 controls) were eligible for C2453A, and eight studies were eligible for T3205C (1,378 cases and 1,642 controls). Pooled odds ratios (OR) were appropriately derived from fixed- or random-effect models. Sensitivity analysis excluding studies whose genotype frequencies in controls significantly deviated from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was performed. Homozygous subjects of Caucasian origin carrying the A2455G G allele exhibited elevated breast cancer risk (pooled OR = 2.185, 95% CI 1.253-3.808, fixed effects), whereas heterozygous carriers did not (pooled OR = 1.062, 95% CI 0.852-1.323, random effects). A2455G polymorphism status was not associated with breast cancer risk in Chinese subjects or specifically in premenopausal/postmenopausal women. T3801C, T3205C, and C2453A status were not associated with breast cancer risk at any analysis. In conclusion, this meta-analysis points to the A2455G G allele as a risk factor for breast cancer among Caucasian subjects. On the contrary, T3801C, T3205C, and C2453A status does not seem capable of modifying breast cancer risk.Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 07/2010; 122(2):459-69. · 4.47 Impact Factor