Construction and characterization of soluble, cleaved, and stabilized trimeric Env proteins based on HIV type 1 Env subtype A.
ABSTRACT The generation of an antibody response capable of neutralizing a broad range of clinical isolates remains an important goal of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine development. Envelope glycoprotein (Env)-based vaccine candidates will also need to take into account the extensive genetic diversity of circulating HIV-1 strains. We describe here the generation of soluble, stabilized, proteolytically cleaved, trimeric forms of Env (SOSIP gp140 proteins) based on contemporary Env subtype A viruses from East Africa. We discuss issues associated with the construction, purification, and characterization of such complex proteins; not all env sequences allow the expression of trimeric proteins. However, stabilized trimers from one such protein, KNH1144 SOSIP gp140, were successfully made. These proteins are now being prepared for preclinical immunogenicity studies.
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ABSTRACT: The HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein complex (Env) is the focus of vaccine development aimed at eliciting humoral immunity. Env's extensive and heterogeneous N-linked glycosylation affects folding, binding to lectin receptors, antigenicity and immunogenicity. We characterized recombinant Env proteins and virus particles produced in mammalian cells that lack N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (GnTI), an enzyme necessary for the conversion of oligomannose N-glycans to complex N-glycans. Carbohydrate analyses revealed that trimeric Env produced in GnTI(-/-) cells contained exclusively oligomannose N-glycans, with incompletely trimmed oligomannose glycans predominating. The folding and conformation of Env proteins was little affected by the manipulation of the glycosylation. Viruses produced in GnTI(-/-) cells were infectious, indicating that the conversion to complex glycans is not necessary for Env entry function, although virus binding to the C-type lectin DC-SIGN was enhanced. Manipulating Env's N-glycosylation may be useful for structural and functional studies and for vaccine design.Virology 03/2010; 401(2):236-47. · 3.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) emerged in the human population in the summer of 1981. According to the latest United Nations estimates, worldwide over 33 million people are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the prevalence rates continue to rise globally. To control the alarming spread of HIV, an urgent need exists for developing a safe and effective vaccine that prevents individuals from becoming infected or progressing to disease. To be effective, an HIV/AIDS vaccine should induce broad and long-lasting humoral and cellular immune responses, at both mucosal and systemic level. However, the nature of protective immune responses remains largely elusive and this represents one of the major roadblocks preventing the development of an effective vaccine. Here we summarize our present understanding of the factors responsible for resistance to infection or control of progression to disease in human and monkey that may be relevant to vaccine development and briefly review recent approaches which are currently being tested in clinical trials. Finally, the rationale and the current status of novel strategies based on nonstructural HIV-1 proteins, such as Tat, Nef and Rev, used alone or in combination with modified structural HIV-1 Env proteins are discussed.Advances in experimental medicine and biology 01/2009; 655:189-242. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Many efforts have been made in the worldwide quest for a prophylactic HIV vaccine to end the AIDS pandemic, but none has yet succeeded. The lessons learned have repeatedly informed us that the traditional or conventional approaches directly using the pathogens or subunits will not be sufficient for an effective HIV/AIDS vaccine. Recent advances in structure-based technology have shown some promise in the quest for a better immunogen in HIV vaccine development. According to the basic binding structural relationship of an antigen and an antibody, structure-based antigen design could bring some hope for the development of an effective vaccine against HIV.Current HIV research 09/2013; · 1.98 Impact Factor