Recurrent localized fibrous tumor of the pleura.
ABSTRACT Localized fibrous tumors of the pleura are rare. They are often asymptomatic and may have symptoms based on size, bronchial invasion, or hormone production, or a combination of these. Complete resection offers the best chance of cure. However, recurrence is reported in a significant number of patients and can often be treated by repeated resection, albeit with increasing difficulty. We present a case in which delayed recurrence occurred after excision of such a tumor. This required a chest-wall resection and reconstruction after which a second recurrence occurred. Further thoracotomy including a latissimus dorsi free flap procedure was needed for a third-time recurrence.
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ABSTRACT: Solitary fibrous tumor is the second primary malignancy of the pleura and can reach up to 39 cm in diameter; however, to be referred to as 'giant' it must occupy at least 40% of the affected hemithorax. Although this tumor usually shows a benign behavior, malignancy criteria have been described. The aim of the study was to assess the initial evaluation, diagnostic procedures, surgical management, treatment outcome, and prognosis. We performed a descriptive, observational, longitudinal, and retrospective study from 2002 to 2006 on patients who underwent surgery with a diagnosis of giant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura. Six patients were included; 83.3% were females. Mean age was 48 years. All patients were symptomatic, mainly dyspnea, cough and chest pain; 66.7% were left-sided. Preoperative angiography and embolization were performed in 83.3% cases with successful surgical resection. The predominant blood supply was derived from the internal mammalian artery. Intraoperative complication rate was 17%. A vascular pedicle was found in 66.7%. The largest lesion was 40 cm in diameter and weighed 4500 g. Only one case showed high mitotic activity. Mean follow-up to date is 14 months. Symptomatology found was consistent with previous reports but in higher percentages. Accurate diagnosis is critical because surgical resection involves a potential cure; however, long-term follow-up is mandatory. Preoperative embolization is recommended due to tumor size.Cirugia y cirujanos 78(1):31-43. · 0.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFTP) is a mesenchymal tumor that tends to involve the pleura, and is also described in other thoracic and extrathoracic sites. SFTP usually presents as a peripheral mass abutting the pleural surface, to which it is attached by a broad base or by a pedicle that allows it to be mobile. SFTPs exist in benign and malignant forms. A precise pre-operative diagnosis can be arrived at with a cutting-needle biopsy, although most cases are diagnosed with postoperative histology and immunohistochemical analysis. In this pictorial essay, we review a large series of cases, with emphasis on the radiographic appearance of these lesions and their findings from computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography and positron emission tomography.Rare tumors 01/2010; 2(1):e1.