Potential oscillations in galvanostatic electrooxidation of formic acid on platinum: a mathematical modeling and simulation.
ABSTRACT We have modeled temporal potential oscillations during the electrooxidation of formic acid on platinum on the basis of the experimental results obtained by time-resolved surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (J. Phys. Chem. B 2005, 109, 23509). The model was constructed within the framework of the so-called dual-path mechanism; a direct path via a reactive intermediate and an indirect path via strongly bonded CO formed by dehydration of formic acid. The model differs from earlier ones in the intermediate in the direct path. The reactive intermediate in this model is formate, and the oxidation of formate to CO2 is rate-determining. The reaction rate of the latter process is represented by a second-order rate equation. Simulations using this model well reproduce the experimentally observed oscillation patterns and the temporal changes in the coverages of the adsorbed formate and CO. Most properties of the voltammetric behavior of formic acid, including the potential dependence of adsorbate coverages and a negative differential resistance, are also reproduced.
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ABSTRACT: Even when in contact with virtually infinite reservoirs, natural and manmade oscillators typically drift in phase space on a time-scale considerably slower than that of the intrinsic oscillator. A ubiquitous example is the inexorable aging process experienced by all living systems. Typical electrocatalytic reactions under oscillatory conditions oscillate for only a few dozen stable cycles due to slow surface poisoning that ultimately results in destruction of the limit cycle. We report the observation of unprecedented long-lasting temporal oscillations in the electro-oxidation of formic acid on an ordered intermetallic PtSn phase. The introduction of Sn substantially increases the catalytic activity and retards the irreversible surface oxidation, which results in the stabilization of more than 2200 oscillatory cycles in about 40 h; a 30–40-fold stabilization with respect to the behavior of pure Pt surfaces. The dynamics were modeled and numerical simulations point to the surface processes underlying the high stability.ChemPhysChem 04/2014; · 3.35 Impact Factor
- The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 01/2014; 118(31):17699-17709.
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ABSTRACT: The mechanisms of formic acid (HCOOH) oxidation on Au(111) under gas-phase and electrochemical conditions was studied by using density functional theory and then compared with the analogous processes on Pt(111). Our results demonstrate that a mechanism involving a single intermediate molecule is preferred on both Au and Pt(111). Furthermore, under gas-phase conditions, HCOOH oxidation proceeds through the same mechanism (formate pathway) on Au and Pt(111), whereas under electrochemical conditions, it can take place through significantly different mechanisms (formate and/or direct pathways), depending on the applied electrode potential. Our calculations help to rationalize conflicting experimental explanations and are crucial for understanding the mechanism of this fundamental (electro-)catalytic process.Chemistry - A European Journal 07/2014; · 5.93 Impact Factor