Chemo-potentiation of radiation improves survival in women with cervical cancer. Our group has previously demonstrated the tolerability of weekly paclitaxel combined with cisplatin during radiation therapy. We sought to determine the efficacy of this regimen in patients with "high risk" cervical cancer, and to determine the short- and long-term toxicity of this approach.
We prospectively enrolled surgically staged patients with positive peritoneal cytology, resectable nodal metastases, or primary tumor > 6 cm. Patients were treated using external beam radiation with concomitant cisplatin (50 mg/m2) during weeks 1, 4, and 7, and weekly paclitaxel (50 mg/m2), followed by four courses of adjuvant cisplatin (50 mg/m2) and paclitaxel (135 mg/m2). Toxicity, overall, and disease-free survival were evaluated.
Twenty-three patients were enrolled, and 21 were evaluable. Patient allotment by FIGO stage was: IB1 - seven, IB2 - five, IIA - two, IIB - four, IIIB - two, IV - three. Twenty patients (95%) completed radiation treatment (median dose to point A was 8278 cGy). Seventeen patients (81%) completed all chemotherapy. At a median follow-up of 58 months the overall survival was 68%. Overall survival for patients with clinical Stage I and II disease was 82% at a median of 64 months. Hematologic toxicity was common but rarely resulted in treatment delays. Late complications requiring intervention (obstruction, fistula, significant lymphocyst) occurred in 11 patients (52%).
The combination of paclitaxel and cisplatin appears efficacious in "high-risk" cervical cancer patients. Hematologic toxicity was common but tolerable. Long-term survival was common in these patients, however late toxicity was significant. This regimen should be investigated in collaborative phase III trials.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women. Disease control for women with operable cervical cancer with risk factors for recurrence such as lymph node metastasis, lympho-vascular space invasion, depth invasion more than 10mm, microscopic parametrial invasion, non-squamous histology and positive surgical margins is difficult. It seems appropriate to offer post-operative treatment with radiotherapy combined to cisplatin-based chemotherapy to these patients. In this systematic review, the overall evidence suggests that the addition of chemotherapy to radiotherapy offers clinical benefit in the adjuvant treatment of patients with operable cervix cancer with risk factors for recurrence. However, the evidence is limited because the selected studies had a small number of patients and a short time of follow-up.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This is a prospective comparison of weekly cisplatin to weekly paclitaxel as concurrent chemotherapy with standard radiotherapy for locally advanced cervical carcinoma.
Between May 2000 and May 2004, 31 women with FIGO stage IB2-IVA cervical cancer or with postsurgical pelvic recurrence were enrolled into this phase II study and randomized to receive on a weekly basis either 40 mg/m² Cisplatin (group I; 16 patients) or 50 mg/m² paclitaxel (group II; 15 patients) concurrently with radiotherapy. Median total dose to point A was 74 Gy (range: 66-92 Gy) for group I and 66 Gy (range: 40-98 Gy) for group II. Median follow-up time was 46 months.
Patient and tumor characteristics were similar in both groups. The mean number of chemotherapy cycles was also comparable with 87% and 80% of patients receiving at least 4 doses in groups I and II, respectively. Seven patients (44%) of group I and 8 patients (53%) of group II developed tumor recurrence. The Median Survival time was not reached for Group I and 53 months for group II. The proportion of patients surviving at 2 and 5 years was 78% and 54% for group I and 73% and 43% for group II respectively.
This small prospective study shows that weekly paclitaxel does not provide any clinical advantage over weekly cisplatin for concurrent chemoradiation for advanced carcinoma of the cervix.
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