Novel hydrogel obtained by chitosan and dextrin-VA co-polymerization.

Centro de Engenharia Biológica, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal.
Biotechnology Letters (Impact Factor: 1.74). 09/2006; 28(16):1279-84. DOI: 10.1007/s10529-006-9087-6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A novel hydrogel was obtained by reticulation of chitosan with dextrin enzymatically linked to vinyl acrylate (dextrin-VA), without cross-linking agents. The hydrogel had a solid-like behaviour with G' (storage modulus) > G'' (loss modulus). Glucose diffusion coefficients of 3.9 x 10(-6) +/- 1.3 x 10(-6) cm(2)/s and 2.9 x 10(-6) +/- 0.5 x 10(-6) cm(2)/s were obtained for different substitution degrees of the dextrin-VA (20% and 70% respectively). SEM observation revealed a porous structure, with pores ranging from 50 microm to 150 microm.

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    ABSTRACT: Cationic dextrins were prepared through substitution reaction of dextrin with low and high addition levels of 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride (ETMAC), respectively. Conventional cationization reactions were carried out for 5h under continued stirring. UHP-assisted cationization reactions were conducted at three pressurization levels of 100, 300 and 500MPa for a pressure holding time of 30min. Degree of substitution (DS) of UHP-assisted cationic dextrins ranged from 0.58 to 1.51, and in general, their DS values were enhanced with increasing pressure levels. FT-IR and (13)C NMR spectra indicated the presence of CN bond, which provided clear evidence about incorporation of cationic moieties onto dextrin molecules. In flocculation test, UHP-assisted cationic dextrin revealed higher flocculating activity. Overall results suggested that UHP-assisted cationization reaction could modulate reactivity and flocculating activity of dextrin by controlling pressure levels and reaction mixture compositions, and cationic dextrins likely possessed a higher potential to replace synthetic polymer-based flocculants.
    08/2013; 97(1):130-7. DOI:10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.04.038

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