Helicobacter pylori eradication and L-dopa absorption in patients with PD and motor fluctuations - Reply
ABSTRACT To investigate if Helicobacter pylori (HP) eradication could make an effective and long-lasting improvement in the pharmacokinetic and clinical response to l-dopa in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and motor fluctuations.
In a group of 34 HP-infected, motor-fluctuating patients with PD, the short-term (1-week) and long-term (3-month) beneficial effect of HP eradication (n = 17) was investigated in a double-blind fashion in comparison with a generic antioxidant treatment (n = 17), by means of pharmacokinetic, clinical, and gastrointestinal assessments. Results were compared with placebo treatment.
Differently from the antioxidant-treated patients, the HP-eradicated patients showed a significant increase of l-dopa absorption, which was coupled with a significant improvement of clinical disability and with a prolonged "on-time" duration, whereas gastritis/duodenitis scores significantly decreased in line with a better l-dopa pharmacokinetics.
These data demonstrate a reversible Helicobacter pylori (HP)-induced interference with l-dopa clinical response related to the impaired drug absorption, probably due to active gastroduodenitis. Therefore, the authors suggest that HP eradication may improve the clinical status of infected patients with Parkinson disease and motor fluctuations by modifying l-dopa pharmacokinetics.
- SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central
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- "Gastrointestinal dysfunction, with erratic gastric emptying worsening over the years, is a common cause of poor absorption of L-Dopa in PD. There is no gastric absorption of L-Dopa, indeed; so gastric emptying and transit via the pyloric sphincter are critical factors for regular intestinal absorption . "
ABSTRACT: Patients at late stage Parkinson's disease (PD) develop several motor and nonmotor complications, which dramatically impair their quality of life. These complications include motor fluctuations, dyskinesia, unpredictable or absent response to medications, falls, dysautonomia, dementia, hallucinations, sleep disorders, depression, and psychosis. The therapeutic management should be driven by the attempt to create a balance between benefit and side effects of the pharmacological treatments available. Supportive care, including physical and rehabilitative interventions, speech therapy, occupational therapy, and nursing care, has a key role in the late stage of disease. In this review we discuss the several complications experienced by advance PD patients and their management. The importance of an integrative approach, including both pharmacological and supportive interventions, is emphasized.02/2011; 2010:480260. DOI:10.4061/2010/480260
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ABSTRACT: This review summarizes epidemiologic studies published between April 2004 and March 2005. DNA of Helicobacter pylori was detected in river water, but the culture was unsuccessful. H. pylori infection was associated with Shigella infection. Despite many studies, predominant infection routes of H. pylori have not yet been clearly identified. In some limited populations in developing countries, H. pylori infection was rare or with strange distributions. Trials to reduce the H. pylori infection rate were performed including H. pylori eradication in total family units and fly control. The hypothesis of a causal role of Helicobacter species and H. pylori infection in cancer of the hepatobiliary tract was indeed confirmed.Helicobacter 02/2005; 10 Suppl 1(s1):1-4. DOI:10.1111/j.1523-5378.2005.00335.x · 4.11 Impact Factor