Neurosurgery in Parkinson disease - A distressed mind in a repaired body?
ABSTRACT To prospectively evaluate the impact of subthalamic nucleus (STN) stimulation on social adjustment in patients with Parkinson disease (PD).
Before and 18 to 24 months after bilateral STN stimulation, the authors assessed 29 patients with PD for motor disability, cognition (Mattis dementia rating scale, frontal score), psychiatric morbidity (Mini-5.0.0, MADRS, BAS), quality of life (PDQ-39), social adjustment (Social Adjustment Scale), and psychological status using unstructured in-depth interviews.
Despite marked improvement in parkinsonian motor disability, the absence of significant changes in cognitive status, and improvement of activities of daily living and quality of life by the end of the study, social adjustment did not improve. Several kinds of problems with social adjustment were observed, affecting the patients' perception of themselves and their body, marital situation, and professional life. Marital conflicts occurred in 17/24 couples. Only 9 out of 16 patients who had a professional activity before the operation went back to work after surgery.
After STN stimulation, patients experienced difficulties in their relations with themselves, their spouses, their families, and their socio-professional environment. The authors suggest a multidisciplinary psychosocial preparation and follow-up to help patients and their entourage cope with the sudden changes in their existence following successful neurosurgery.
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ABSTRACT: The article proposes a theoretical model to account for changes in self due to Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS). First, we argue that most existing models postulate a very narrow conception of self, and thus fail to capture the full range of potentially relevant DBS-induced changes. Second, building on previous work by Shaun Gallagher, we propose a modified ‘pattern-theory of self’, which provides a richer picture of the possible consequences of DBS treatment.Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11097-015-9421-3
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ABSTRACT: Our think tank tasked by the Dutch Health Council, consisting of Radboud University Nijmegen Honours Academy students with various backgrounds, investigated the implications of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) for psychiatric patients. During this investigation, a number of methodological, ethical and societal difficulties were identified. We consider these difficulties to be a reflection of a still fragmented field of research that can be overcome with improved organization and communication. To this effect, we suggest that it would be useful to found a centralized DBS organization. Such an organization makes it possible to 1) set up and maintain a repository, 2) facilitate DBS studies with a larger sample size, 3) improve communication amongst researchers, clinicians and ethical committees, and 4) improve communication between DBS experts and the public at large.Neuroethics 01/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12152-015-9231-x · 1.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is an established treatment for the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Nonmotor features of PD, however, may not improve with STN DBS, and a specific constellation of neuropsychiatric symptoms may emerge in the postoperative period. Mania, impulsivity, depression, and apathy may curtail the potential gains from surgery. In this paper, the authors discuss surgical candidacy, postoperative management of neuropsychiatric issues, and clinical dilemmas for the psychiatrist at the DBS center. A paradigm that considers stimulation effects and dopamine replacement therapy to be key drivers of postoperative neuropsychiatric problems is presented.The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences 01/2015; 27(1):19-26. DOI:10.1176/appi.neuropsych.14040069 · 2.77 Impact Factor