Observation of Plasma Toroidal-Momentum Dissipation by Neoclassical Toroidal Viscosity

Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States
Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.51). 07/2006; 96(22):225002. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.225002
Source: PubMed


Dissipation of plasma toroidal angular momentum is observed in the National Spherical Torus Experiment due to applied nonaxisymmetric magnetic fields and their plasma-induced increase by resonant field amplification and resistive wall mode destabilization. The measured decrease of the plasma toroidal angular momentum profile is compared to calculations of nonresonant drag torque based on the theory of neoclassical toroidal viscosity. Quantitative agreement between experiment and theory is found when the effect of toroidally trapped particles is included.

1 Follower
10 Reads
  • Source

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tokamaks are sensitive to deviations from axisymmetry as small as δB/B0∼10−4. These nonaxisymmetric perturbations greatly modify plasma confinement and performance by either destroying magnetic surfaces with subsequent locking or deforming magnetic surfaces with associated nonambipolar transport. The Ideal Perturbed Equilibrium Code (IPEC) calculates ideal perturbed equilibria and provides important basis for understanding the sensitivity of tokamak plasmas to perturbations. IPEC calculations indicate that the ideal plasma response, or equivalently the effect by ideally perturbed plasma currents, is essential to explain locking experiments on National Spherical Torus eXperiment (NSTX) and DIII-D. The ideal plasma response is also important for neoclassical toroidal viscosity (NTV) in nonambipolar transport. The consistency between NTV theory and magnetic braking experiments on NSTX and DIII-D can be improved when the variation in the field strength in IPEC is coupled with generalized NTV theory. These plasma response effects will be compared with the previous vacuum superpositions to illustrate the importance. However, plasma response based on ideal perturbed equilibria is still not sufficiently accurate to predict the details of NTV transport and can be inconsistent when currents associated with a toroidal torque become comparable to ideal perturbed currents.
    Physics of Plasmas 05/2009; 16(5). DOI:10.1063/1.3122862 · 2.14 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent experiments at the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) have shown that lithium coating of the plasma facing components leads to improved energy confinement, and also the complete suppression of edge-localized modes (ELMs). Due to the lack of ELMs, however, such plasmas suffer from density and radiated power that increase throughout the discharge, often leading to a radiative collapse. Previous experiments have shown that ELMs can be controllably restored into these lithium-conditioned discharges using 3D magnetic perturbations, which reduces impurity accumulation. The use of magnetic ELM pace-making has been optimized to control the evolution of the density and impurity content. Short duration large amplitude 3D field pulses are used, so that the threshold field for destabilization is reached and ELMs triggered quickly, and the field is then removed. A second improvement was made by adding a negative-going pulse to each of the triggering pulses to counteract the vessel eddy currents and reduce time-averaged rotation braking. With these improvements to the triggering waveform, the frequency of the triggered ELMs was increased to over 60 Hz, reducing the average ELM size. The optimum frequency for attaining impurity control while minimizing energy confinement reduction was determined: fairly low frequency ELMs (20 Hz triggering) are sufficient to keep the total radiation fraction below 25% throughout the discharge and avoid radiative collapse, with little reduction in the plasma stored energy. When combined with improved particle fueling, the ELM-pacing technique has been successful in achieving stationary conditions in the line-averaged electron density and total radiated power.
Show more

Similar Publications


10 Reads
Available from