Fabrication and characterization of a fritless microfabricated electroosmotic pump with reduced pH dependence.

Department of Chemistry, West Virginia University, P.O Box 6045, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA.
Analytical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 5.7). 04/2004; 76(5):1336-41. DOI: 10.1021/ac034956e
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A fritless electroosmotic pump with reduced pH dependence has been fabricated on a glass microchip and its performance characterized. The chip design consists of two 500-microm channels, one packed with anion exchange beads and the other packed with cation exchange beads, which produce convergent electroosmotic flow streams. The electroosmotically pumped solution flows away from the intersection of the two pumping channels through a field-free channel. This simple design allows for the production of a fritless electroosmotic pump and easy replacement of the ion exchange beads whose charged surfaces generate the flow. The pump was found to produce volumetric flow rates of up to 2 microL/min for an applied voltage of 3 kV at a pH of 6.8. Moreover, the electroosmotic pump can generate high flow rates over an extended pH range of at least 2-12, a significant advantage over previously fabricated electroosmotic pumps, which typically have a more limited range in which they can achieve high flow rates.

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