Lack of association between NOS3 Glu298Asp and breast cancer risk: a case-control study.
ABSTRACT Nitric oxide (NO) plays a central role in the physiololgy and pathology of diverse tissues. Different studies provide data suggesting that the endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) expression in peritumoral microvessels might be a prognostic indicator in breast cancer patients. However, the putative contribution of common NOS3 germline variants to breast cancer risk remained unknown. A recent work comprising 269 breast cancer patients and 244 controls suggested that NOS3 Glu298Asp polymorphism is associated to breast cancer risk (OR=1.9). We performed an independent analysis of these results in 440 unrelated patients and 321 controls from Spanish population. Although our study was 90% powered to detect ORs >/=1.55, did not find any significant difference in the Glu298Asp allele distribution between cases and controls (P > 0.42). These putative reasons for this result are discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene may influence the risk of cancer, but the results are still debatable. Therefore, we performed a systematic review to provide a more complete picture and conducted a meta-analysis to derive a precise estimation. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, Google Scholar and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases until April 2014 to identify eligible studies. Thirty-one studies with cancer patients and controls were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, the polled analysis revealed that the T-786C polymorphism was significantly associated with increased cancer risk under multiple genetic models (C vs T: OR=1.135, 95%CI=1.048-1.228; CC vs TT: OR=1.278, 95%CI=1.045- 1.562; TC vsTT: OR=1.136, 95%CI=1.023-1.261; CC+TC vs TT: OR=1.159, 95%CI=1.047-1.281; CC vs TC+TT: OR=1.204, 95%CI= 1.003-1.447). G894T was associated with significant risk for females (TT vs GG: OR=1.414, 95%CI=1.056-1.892; TT vs GT+GG: OR=1.356, 95%CI=1.108-1.661) and for breast cancer (T vs G: OR=1.097, 95%CI=1.001-1.203; TT vs GG: OR=1.346, 95%CI=1.012-1.789; TT vs GT+GG: OR=1.269, 95%CI=1.028-1.566). Increased susceptibility was revealed for prostate cancer with 4a/b (ba vs bb: OR=1.338, 95%CI=1.013-1.768; aa+ba vs bb: OR=1.474, 95%CI=1.002-2.170). This meta-analysis indicated that the eNOS T-786C polymorphism is associated with elevated cancer risk; the G894T polymorphism contributes to susceptibility to breast cancer and cancer generally in females; and the 4a/b polymorphism may be associated with prostate cancer risk.Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 07/2014; 15(13):5317-24. DOI:10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.13.5317 · 1.50 Impact Factor
Value in Health 11/2010; 13(7). DOI:10.1016/S1098-3015(11)73130-8 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Genetic polymorphism of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) rs1799983 (Glu298Asp) has been implicated to alter the risk of prostate cancer, but the results are controversial. Two investigators independently searched the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase electronic databases up to September 30, 2013. Summary odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) for rs1799983 polymorphism and prostate cancer were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed with the software program Review Manage, version 5.0 and Stata 11.0. A total of 7 independent studies, including 1,792 cases and 2,411 controls, were identified. Our analysis suggested that rs1799983 was associated with prostate cancer risk in overall population under dominant model (OR = 1.15, 95%CI = 1.01-1.30, P = 0.03) and allelic model (OR = 1.11, 95%CI = 1.00-1.22, P = 0.04). In the subgroup analysis, we detected no association between rs1799983 polymorphism and prostate risk in Caucasian population under all the genetic models. This meta-analysis showed the evidence that NOS3 rs1799983 polymorphism was associated with a risk of prostate cancer development in overall populations.Tumor Biology 04/2014; 35(7). DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-1870-8 · 2.84 Impact Factor