Trisomy 8 as sole anomaly or with other clonal aberrations in acute myeloid leukemia: impact on clinical presentation and outcome.
ABSTRACT One hundred and fifty-four acute myeloid leukemia patients with trisomy 8 were studied for their clinical and biological characteristics, and treatment outcome. Forty-seven patients presented with trisomy 8 as the sole aberration, 107 with trisomy 8 associated with other cytogenetic abnormalities (13 with favorable, 54 with intermediate, and 40 with unfavorable risk cytogenetics). Overall complete remission (CR) proportion was 48%. Median disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 7.8 and 8.3 months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, age >or=60 years (P<0.0001) and association with unfavorable karyotype (P=0.03) were of poor prognostic value for CR achievement. Age >or=60 years (P<0.0001) and antecedents of dysmyelopoiesis (P=0.02) were of poor prognostic value for OS. Patients with trisomy 8 alone did not show any difference in terms of outcome as compared with those in whom trisomy 8 was associated to intermediate risk cytogenetics (P=0.0002). Trisomy 8 in addition to favorable karyotype maintained a good clinical outcome, while trisomy 8 in addition to unfavorable cytogenetics showed the worst prognosis.
- SourceAvailable from: Ralf Krahe[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous group of diseases. Normal cytogenetics (CN) constitutes the single largest group, while trisomy 8 (+8) as a sole abnormality is the most frequent trisomy. How trisomy contributes to tumorigenesis is unknown. We used oligonucleotide-based DNA microarrays to study global gene expression in AML+8 patients with +8 as the sole chromosomal abnormality and AML-CN patients. CD34(+) cells purified from normal bone marrow (BM) were also analyzed as a representative heterogeneous population of stem and progenitor cells. Expression patterns of AML patients were clearly distinct from those of CD34(+) cells of normal individuals. We show that AML+8 blasts overexpress genes on chromosome 8, estimated at 32% on average, suggesting gene-dosage effects underlying AML+8. Systematic analysis by cellular function indicated up-regulation of genes involved in cell adhesion in both groups of AML compared with CD34(+) blasts from normal individuals. Perhaps most interestingly, apoptosis-regulating genes were significantly down-regulated in AML+8 compared with AML-CN. We conclude that the clinical and cytogenetic heterogeneity of AML is due to fundamental biological differences.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/2001; 98(3):1124-9. · 9.74 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Data on 1711 patients, aged up to 55 years, in the MRC AML 10 trial were used to create a prognostic index for use in risk-directed therapy decision making for younger patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Two parameters, response after course 1 and cytogenetics, were strongly predictive of outcome. For patients with complete remission, partial remission and resistant disease, 5-year survival from the start of course 2 was 53%, 44% and 22% and relapse rates were 46%, 48% and 69% respectively, and for patients with favourable, intermediate and adverse karyotypic abnormalities, survival was 72%, 43% and 17% and relapse rates were 34%, 51% and 75% respectively (all P < 0.0001). Patients with FAB type M3 but no cytogenetic t(15;17) also had a low relapse rate (29%). These three factors were combined to give three risk groups: good (favourable karyotype or M3, irrespective of response status or presence of additional abnormalities), standard (neither good nor poor), poor (adverse karyotype or resistant disease, and no good-risk features). Survival for these three groups was 70%, 48% and 15% respectively and relapse rates were 33%. 50% and 78% (both P < 0.0001). The index is simple (based on just three parameters), robust (derived from 1711 patients), highly discriminatory (55% survival difference between good and poor risk) and validated, so can be applied in the clinical setting to assist with therapeutic decisions as in the current AML 12 trial.British Journal of Haematology 11/1999; 107(1):69-79. · 4.94 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Clonal chromosome abnormalities of 343 patients with de novo acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) have been tentatively correlated with prognosis. All the patients were treated according to therapeutic protocols in the same hospital. The complete remission rate and median survival were generally lower in AA-ANLL (ANLL with only karyotypically abnormal metaphases) when compared with NN- and AN-ANLL. Similarly, AA-ANLL had the poorest prognosis in the majority of the classes of the French-American-British nomenclature. ANLL with inversion and/or deletion of chromosome #16 had the best prognosis, and ANLL with t(8;21) was not particularly favorable, nor was acute promyelocytic leukemia with t(15;17). ANLL with complex chromosomal abnormalities had the poorest prognosis. The conclusion is that chromosomal aberrations do have a prognostic significance in ANLL, but that this significance is dependent on the types of chromosomal aberrations.Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 11/1987; 28(2):293-9. · 1.93 Impact Factor